Bump on Scalp, Painful, Swollen, Cystic, Hard, Movable, Get Rid, Treatment

Bump on scalp may hurt to touch depending on the cause. Scalp bumps under the hair can also be itchy, hard or soft. In some cases, scalp bumps may be swollen but not painful or itchy. It will just appear as a lump that is not painful. Some may be cystic in nature when infected. Below are some steps on how to get rid of bumps on head, causes and Treatment

A bump that itches can form on your scalp just like any other part of the skin. It is important to seek proper diagnosis to know the root cause of the bump and the appropriate treatment.

Bump on scalp may be red sore and painful

Bump on scalp may be red sore and painful

It is also important to watch out for severe symptoms of bumps on scalp especially those that are not painful, keep coming back and those scalp bumps that wot go away.

Seek medical advice in this cases since some of them may indicate serious underlying problems.

Tumours

Tumours are abnormal growths of tissue that can form on any part of the skin including the scalp. Some of them are hereditary and harmless while others are caused by cancer.

Tumours can be in the form of moles, birthmarks, warts and Seborrheic keratosis.

Itchy bump on scalp/ hurts painful to touch – possible causes

Bump on scalp that is itchy and painful is usually red, green or white in colour. They may be soft and movable with fluids in them or they may be hard. The following are the major causes these lumps;

  1. Allergy reaction to stimulants
  2. Infection of the hair shafts or the skin on the scalp
  3. Infection by a virus like chickenpox or shingles
  4. Acne caused by some bacteria like propionibacterium
  5. Sebaceous cysts that form on the scalp

Bump on scalp not itchy

Bump on scalp that is not itchy may be a mole or a pilar cyst. As much as it is not very harmful, it should be removed because it can weaken hair follicles and displace hair. Most bumps that are painless and not itchy are usually hereditary.

Bump on scalp with hair loss

Bacteria called propionibacterium found on the skin of human beings are responsible for the formation of bumps around hair follicles, a condition known as folliculitis. Folliculitis may cause permanent hair loss. It is advisable to seek treatment when you notice a bit of hair loss while having scalp bump. Picking the scalp bump may rupture them and cause secondary infection.

Bump on scalp for years that won’t go away

When your scalp begins to produce excess sebum either due to hormonal imbalance or puberty, you may have persistent bump on scalp. Excess sebum mixes with dead cells on the skin and clogs your skin pores leading to formation of pimples or scalp acne.

You need to see a dermatologist if your acne bumps on scalp refuses to go away even after trying a few home remedies. They may be cancerous.

Bump on scalp

Bump on scalp

Bump on scalp could it be cancer?

A bump on scalp that keeps growing instead of healing is a symptom of skin cancer, especially when it occurs on places that have no hair or displace your hair. According to Mayo Clinic,” Skin cancer develops primarily on areas of sun-exposed skin, including the scalp”. Here are the most common types of skin cancer.

  1. Basal Cell Carcinoma –It has a waxy appearance
  2. Squamous Cell Carcinoma –They are thick and crusty patch on the skin.
  3. Melanoma – bumps that keep growing with uneven edges and different colours.
  4. Merkel Cell Tumours – They are caused by polyomavirus. They are red raised bumps that grow very fast.

Please visit a dermatologist if you notice any bump on scalp with the above features.

Readers may also look at; Head Lice Infestation

Causes of bump on scalp

The question you should ask yourself is “Why am I having a bump on my scalp?” There are several factors that cause and promote the growth of a bump on scalp;

1. Warts

Sexually transmitted disease caused by Human Papilloma Virus is the major culprit when it comes to warts on skin. The scalp is part of the skin so warts can form on it. They form as a group of bumps on the scalp. These warts can be removed by dermatologists.

2. Pilar Cysts

They are circular bumps on scalp that are not painful. They can grow very large to the size of a small apple fruit. Excess oil usually mixes with dead skin cells and form cystic bumps. They weaken the skin under hair follicles and result into temporary hair loss. As much as they are harmless you need to remove them in order to prevent your hair from falling off.

3. Moles

Moles can form on scalp just like any other part of the skin. They are not painful and pose no threat. They can be removed by a dermatologist. Moles are usually hereditary.

4. Cancer

Bump on scalp can be a symptom of skin cancer. It mostly affects bald men who expose their scalp to the sun for a long time. You need to visit a dermatologist for correct diagnosis.

5. Acne

Acne blackheads or whiteheads may also affect the scalp and form bumps on it. Acnes form as a result of dehydration, excessive production of sebum that blocks pores, smoking, stress and hormonal imbalance.

6. Junk Food

Junk food makes your liver malfunction and not be able to purify your body as required.

7. Nevus Sebaceous of Jadhaason

This is a skin condition which starts a yellow patch on the scalp of a baby and grows into a bump on scalp when the baby grows up and hits puberty.

8. Seborrheic Keratoses

These bumps are round or oval with colours ranging from dark brown to colourless. They are itchy and irritating. Visit a dermatologist if you notice such bumps.

Cystic scalp bump

Cystic scalp bump

How to get rid of bump on scalp at Home

The following tips are quiet helpful if your bump is not cancerous.

1. Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil is an antibacterial and an anti-inflammatory substance. It will get rid of bacteria that cause inflammation.

Requirements

  1. Tea tree oil
  2. Shampoo
  3. Water
  4. Clean towel

What to do

  1. Add a few drops of tea tree oil to your shampoo in the ration of 1drop of tea tree oil to 39 ml of shampoo.
  2. Wet your hair with warm water
  3. Apply the mixture of tea tree oil and shampoo on it
  4. Wash your hair with it ,while gently massaging your scalp with your fingers
  5. Rinse off the mixture with plenty of water
  6. Pat your hair dry with a clean towel
  7. Wash your hair with this mixture once a day
  8. If the bumps were scally they will be exfoliated with time

2. Apple Cider vinegar

Acetic acid found in apple cider vinegar is able to completely kill bacteria that cause bump on scalp. It also balances the pH level of the scalp.

Requirements

  1. Apple cider vinegar
  2. Water
  3. Clean Towel

What to do

  1. Add 1 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar to for every glass of water.
  2. Wash your hair with it, while gently massaging your scalp with your fingers
  3. Pat your hair dry with a clean towel
  4. Wash your hair with this mixture once a week
  5. If the bumps were scally they will be exfoliated with time
  6. Do not use apple cider vinegar too often on your scalp

3. Medicated shampoo

A medicated shampoo has got ingredients that are dedicated to fighting scalp problems. They contain minerals like zinc which improve the process of tissue repair. Collar Tar is a medicated shampoo that is able to fight acne.

Requirements

  1. Medicated Shampoo
  2. Water
  3. Clean towel

What to do

  1. Wet your hair with warm water
  2. Apply the medicated shampoo on it
  3. Wash your hair with it, while gently massaging your scalp with your fingers
  4. Let it stay on your hair for 5 minutes
  5. Rinse off the medicated shampoo with plenty of water
  6. Pat your hair dry with a clean towel
  7. Wash your hair once a day
  8. If the bumps are acnes they will disappear with time

4. Nutmeg Powder

Nutmeg powder is able to fight microorganisms that cause infection on the scalp.

Requirements

  1. Nutmeg
  2. Pestle and mortar
  3. Milk

What to do

  1. Place the nutmeg in a mortar and crush them to powder form using a pestle
  2. Add a little milk to the powder to form a thick paste
  3. Apply the paste on the affected area on your scalp
  4. Let it settle for an hour and dry up
  5. Rinse it off with plenty of clean water
  6. Pat the affected area dry using a clean towel
  7. Repeat the process once a day

5. Neem Plant

Neem plant is an antibacterial agent. It fights bacteria that cause infection on your scalp.

Requirements

  1. Neem leaves
  2. A Pestle & a mortar
  3. A knife
  4. A clean towel

What to do

  1. Wash the neem leaves to get rid of any dirt on them
  2. Cut them into big chunks with a knife
  3. Place them in the mortar
  4. Pound with a pestle to form a paste
  5. Ensure that the affected area is clean
  6. Gently smear the paste on the affected area
  7. Let it settle for 30 minutes
  8. Rinse it off with warm water
  9. Pat dry the affected area using a clean towel
  10. Repeat this procedure 2 times a day

    Causes of pimple on scalp bumps acne will be determined by how the look like

    Causes of pimple on scalp bumps acne will be determined by how the look like

6. Heena

Heena is an antiseptic agent. It is capable of clearing acne.

Requirements

  1. Heena
  2. A clean towel
  3. Water

What to do

  1. Ensure that the affected area is clean
  2. Gently smear the heena on the affected area
  3. Let it settle for one hour
  4. Wash it off with warm water
  5. Pat dry the affected area using a clean towel
  6. Repeat the process once a day

7. Olive oil

Olive oil is anti-inflammatory agent so it soothes the bumps and reduces the size of the raised bumps. It is also an anti-oxidant that prevents microorganisms from attacking your skin.

Requirements

  1. Olive oil
  2. Water
  3. A towel

What to do

  1. Take a shower before you go to bed
  2. Apply olive oil on the affected area using your hands and gently massage the scalp
  3. Let the oil stay on your skin over night
  4. Rinse it off when you wake up
  5. Pat your dry with a clean towel
  6. Repeat this process every night until you see a change

8. Lemon Juice

Lemon juice contains citric acid that is capable of killing bacteria that cause infection on the scalp.

Requirements

  1. Lemons
  2. A Sieve
  3. A Cup
  4. A sharp knife
  5. Water
  6. A clean piece of cloth

What to do

  1. Apply pressure on the lemon by kneading it on the kitchen counter.
  2. Use the knife to cut the lemon into two halves.
  3. Place the sieve over the cup and squeeze out the lemon juice into the cup through the sieve.
  4. Ensure that the affected area is clean and dry.
  5. Mix the lemon juice with a little water
  6. Use the mixture to wash your scalp while concentrating on the affected area
  7. Let it settle on the affected area for 1 hour and dry
  8. Wash off the juice using plenty of clean water
  9. Pat dry with a clean piece of cloth
  10. Repeat this process thrice a week
  11. Be careful not to overuse lemon juice because it may irritate your scalp especially when there is an open wound.

9. Tomato Juice

The vitamin C found in tomatoes is essential for the growth of new healthy skin cells. The salicylic acid in tomatoes helps in drying up acne.

Requirements

  1. Tomatoes
  2. Olive oil
  3. Water
  4. Cup
  5. Blender
  6. A clean piece of cloth

What to do

  1. Blend tomatoes to form tomatoes juice
  2. Pour the tomato juice in a cup
  3. Add a few spoons of olive oil to the juice and beat it till the oil mixes with the juice
  4. Apply the juice on your scalp and gently massage your scalp with your fingers
  5. Let the tomato juice settle on the scalp for one hour and dry up
  6. Rinse off the tomato juice with warm water
  7. Pat dry the scalp with a clean piece of cloth
  8. Repeat the above procedure daily for a month

10. Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is an antibacterial and an anti-inflammatory agent that reduces swollen bumps. It also has a soothing effect on the lumps on your scalp. The minerals in aloe vera help in nourishing your scalp.

Requirements

  1. Aloe Vera leaves
  2. A Sharp knife
  3. A mixer/ blender
  4. A container for collecting the gel
  5. Water
  6. A clean towel

What to do

  1. Take two pieces of aloe Vera leaves and cut them on both ends. Use a knife to take out the upper green layer from the leaf in order to expose the thick aloe Vera gel in the leaves.
  2. In case you find any yellow liquid on the leaf, rinse it out with clean water.
  3. Peel off the green back of the leaf.
  4. The clear thick gel that is left is the aloe Vera gel.
  5. Cut the gel into small pieces and blend the gel into a liquid form.
  6. Apply the aloe Vera gel directly on the affected area in circular motion.
  7. Let it settle and dry up
  8. Wash it off with plenty or warm water
  9. Pat the scalp dry with a clean towel
  10. Repeat this process twice a day until you notice a change

11. Mint Leaves

Mint leaves are anti-inflammatory and antiseptic agents. They also have a cooling effect that soothes the bumps.

Requirements

  1. Mint Leaves
  2. Pestle and mortar
  3. A clean piece of cloth
  4. Sieve
  5. Water

What to do

  1. Pound the mint leaves with a pestle and mortar
  2. Sieve out the mint juice from the leaves
  3. Apply the mint juice on the affected area
  4. Allow it to settle on the scalp for 30 minutes
  5. Rinse it off with fresh cold water and dry with a clean piece of cloth.
  6. Repeat this 2 times a day for a week.

    for a large lump on scalp that wont go away see a doctor

    for a large lump on scalp that wont go away see a doctor

11. Papaya

Enzyme papain is an anti-inflammatory agent. Papaya contain natural acids that will loosen the dead skin cells bounded by oil and allow them to be washed away.

Requirements

  1. Papaya
  2. Natural Yoghurt
  3. Natural Honey
  4. Water
  5. Jug
  6. Blender
  7. A clean piece of cloth
  8. Knife

What to do

  1. Peel off the back of the papaya and cut into half to remove the seeds
  2. Slice it and put it inside a blender
  3. Add half a cup of fresh yoghurt and 5 teaspoons of natural honey.
  4. Blend them together into juice
  5. Apply the juice on your scalp and gently massage your scalp with your fingers
  6. Let the juice settle on the scalp for 30 minutes and dry up
  7. Rinse off the juice with warm water
  8. Pat dry the scalp with a clean piece of cloth
  9. Repeat the above procedure daily for a month

12. Sugar & Honey

A mixture of sugar and honey will gently scrub and exfoliate the scalp. Natural honey has the ability to kill bacteria which causes cyst.

Requirements

  1. Natural honey
  2. Sugar
  3. Mixing bowl
  4. Warm water
  5. A clean piece cloth

What to do

  1. Mix honey and sugar in a mixing bowl to form a paste
  2. Gently apply this paste on the affected area
  3. Use your fingers to scrub the affected area gently  in a circular motion for 5 minutes
  4. Rinse off the paste using warm water
  5. Dry the scalp with a clean piece of cloth
  6. Repeat the above steps 3 times a day for at least a week

13. Cinnamon & Honey

Honey has the ability to kill bacteria which causes cyst. Just like sugar, cinnamon can act as an abrasive suitable for exfoliating the scalp and unclogging pores. It also has got microbial properties.

Requirements

  1. Natural honey
  2. Cinnamon powder
  3. Mixing bowl
  4. Warm water
  5. A clean piece cloth

What to do

  1. Mix honey and cinnamon into a smother paste in a bowl
  2. Apply this paste on the affected area
  3. Scrub the affected area gently in a circular motion using your fingers.
  4. Do this for 5 minutes
  5. Use warm water to wash off the paste
  6. Dry it with a clean piece of cloth
  7. Repeat the above steps 2 times a day for at least a week

14. Betel Leaves

These leaves are antimicrobial and antiseptic agents hence help in treating and preventing acne.

Requirements

  1. Betel Leaves
  2. Pestle and mortar
  3. A clean piece of cloth
  4. Water

What to do

  1. Pound the betel leaves with a pestle and mortar to form a fine paste
  2. Apply the paste on the affected area
  3. Allow it to settle on the scalp for 30 minutes
  4. Rinse it off with fresh cold water and dry with a clean piece of cloth.
  5. Repeat this 2 times a day for a week.

15. Garlic

Garlic is a natural and popular cooking ingredient. It has got antibacterial and antifungal properties. These wonderful properties make garlic an ideal agent for getting rid of most bacterial infections. The lumps on the scalp will disappear with time when you use garlic on them.

Requirements

  1. Garlic cloves
  2. A Pestle & a mortar
  3. A Knife
  4. Clean water
  5. A clean piece of cloth

What to do

  1. Peel off the back cover of garlic cloves
  2. Dice them into cubes using a knife
  3. Place them in the mortar
  4. Pound with a pestle to form a paste
  5. Apply the paste on the affected area on the scalp.
  6. Let it settle for 10 minutes
  7. Rinse it off with warm water then do a final rinse with cold water
  8. Dry up the affected area with a clean piece of cloth
  9. Repeat this process twice a day until the scalp bumps reduce and disappear
  10. You can also chose to boil the garlic in water and use the water to rinse your scalp and let it settle on the scalp for a while before washing it off.
  11. It is also advisable to include garlic in your diet. You can add it in your food or boil it in water and drink.

    Ingrown hair on scalp may apper like a bump on scalp

    Ingrown hair on scalp may apper like a bump on scalp

Prevention

Here are a few tips to help you prevent bumps from forming on your scalp after managing to get rid of the ones that were bothering you;

1. Wash your hair after Sweating

You need to wash off sweat from your hair because it will mix with dead skin cells and clog your skin pores. Sebum will build up and form pimple like bumps on your scalp.

Bacteria also thrive on such an environment. You do not even need to rinse your head with shampoo all the time. Once in a while use vinegar diluted in water instead of shampoo. Frequent use of shampoo dries your scalp by eliminating important natural oils. Vinegar may also bleach your hair if over used.

2. Avoid use of conditioners

If you are prone to acnes, simply avoid the use of conditioners. Some are too greasy and if you do not rinse it off completely it will end up blocking your scalp pores and cause acne breakout.

3. Avoid Greasy hair product

Greasy hair product like thick styling gel and some type of hair food will block your pores if they settle on your hair for a few days. It is advisable to use sulphur based hair products which prevent acne.

4. Avoid stress and stay healthy

Avoid anything that stresses you .Eat a healthy balanced diet with no junk food. You need to do exercises regularly in order to improve your blood circulation.

Treatment

Since bump on scalp has several causes, it is easy to identify the kind of treatment you need for the bump on your scalp after consulting a dermatologist.

1. Medicated shampoo

Medicated shampoos contain chemical compounds that are capable of getting rid of bumps on scalp depending on the cause. Selenium sulphide helps in getting rid of lumps caused by ringworms. Salicylic acid and tar based shampoos are also essential in fighting bumps on the scalp.

2. Antifungal Creams

Dermatologists may recommend antifungal creams that are able to kill any fungi that are causing bumps on your scalp.

3. Antibiotic creams

Antibiotic creams are ideal in healing bumps caused by bacteria that form around the hair follicle.

4. Surgery

Bumps caused by warts or infected cysts are best removed through surgery by a professional doctor.

5. Liquid Nitrogen/ Cryosurgery

Liquid nitrogen is capable of freezing the growth of lumps on scalp and makes them flat for easy removal.

6. Treating the disease

Cancerous bumps can be treated by directly injecting them with cancer drugs. Bumps caused by STDs will also go away if you treat the disease.

Difference between a cyst on scalp and a bump on scalp

Cysts on scalp form specifically when the ducts in the hair shafts are blocked. They are non-cancerous sharp raised bumps that are filled with air, solid material and even pus when infected. They may have a foul smell.

A bump on a scalp can be due to other reasons like cancer, STDs, moles, acne, ringworms and warts. These bumps may not necessarily be fluid filled or painful.

Here is a video on a small pimple like bump on scalp;

References;

  1. http://hair.knowfacts.org/itchy-scalp/itchy-bumps-on-scalp-small-red-painful-causes-treatment/
  2. http://www.chadkids.org/neurosurgery/dermoid_epidermoid.html
  3. http://blog.drseymourweaver.com/dermatology-blog/tumors-and-growths-that-occur-on-the-scalp/
  4. http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/skin-cysts-tumors
  5. http://patient.info/doctor/benign-skin-tumours

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