Bleeding dog paws in most cases is caused by physical injuries and trauma. Cuts, bruises, burns, and friction will make the paws of your doggy sore and bloody. You need to check the paws of your dog when you notice unusual behavior in the way it carries itself.
Dogs with an injured paw will likely chew on it or lick it more often than usual. He will also lift the foot off the ground while standing or limp while walking. Let us discuss in-depth about causes, remedies, and treatment of dog paws bleeding.
Causes of bleeding dog paws
Bleeding dog paws are mainly caused by cuts or bruises on them. There are several environmental and non-environmental factors that can cause a cut or a bruise on the paws of a dog.
Infections hardly bleed, they are slaying pus-filled. Let’s discuss the most probable causes of blood oozing out of your dog’s paws. The blood may also come out in drops and clot on the paws.
Dogs suffer from burns on their paws during summer. The ground can get really hot in summer since it absorbs the heat from sun rays and emits it after a while. When dogs walk on heated ground, concrete or tarmac, the paws absorb this heat and get burns.
These burns weaken the hard paw and expose blood vessels that when ruptured will lead to bleeding dog paws the paws will be red or dark brown with blisters.
It may be hard to prevent the burns during summer. However, you can plant more grass in your compound or wear protective dog boots on the dog paws.
Burnt and bleeding dog paws should be treated with care in order to avoid secondary infections like a bacterial or fungal infection.
Wash the burnt area with clean warm Epsom saltwater. Bandage the wound until it heals. Pamper your dog until the burn gets better.
2. Dry cracked paws
The paws of a dog are covered with a layer of thick skin, however, when neglected it cracks. These cracks increase the chances of dog paw bleeding.
Foreign objects are likely to get trapped in between the cracks and tea the softer inner flesh hence bleeding on dog paw. To prevent cracking of paws you need to invest in a good moisturizer for your dog.
Apply the moisturizer often. You can also buy dog boots for your pet. It’s only fair to take good care of these pets once you bring them into your home. Don’t let them live like wild dogs. Hose dogs are more likely to get cracked paws when they are exposed to harsh weather and environment.
3. Cuts causing bleeding dog paws
A cut on the paw will definitely lead to bleeding. Your dog can accidentally get cut by barbed wire while crossing the fence. Other sharp objects in the environment like a wooden splint or broken pieces of glass can cause severe deep cuts.
You need to take your dog to a dog clinic when the bleeding is profuse and the cut is deep. The sharp object may stick inside the flesh and this can only require professional skills to remove. At least the vet will put the dog under anesthesia before performing the painful operation.
4. Foreign Objects
Foreign objects in the environment like tiny stones, thin sticks, sharp splints and broken pieces of glass can stick between the toes and eventually cause bleeding after pricking the skin.
Ensure that you clean the affected paw after removing the foreign object. Poor hygiene can lead to a secondary infection. You don’t want to add salt to the injury (It’s a saying, don’t take it literally)
5. Broken Nails
A broken nail can be extremely painful. Especially when the entire nail comes out from the root. This can be triggered by trauma on the toe by hitting it against a stone or another hard surface. The toe with the affected nail will bleed.
You can clean and dress the affected area at home if you have a first aid kit. We shall later discuss on home remedied that are ideal for such a situation. However, if you notice any abnormal changes on the affected part such as inflammation or pus then you need to get it checked by a veterinarian.
6. Chewing and biting
Since digs ate not wired to scratch itchy sensations using their nails like humans, they are likely to chew on the paw as frequent as possible. Itchy paws can be caused by an allergic reaction to food or chemicals. Too much chewing and biting can cause chronic bleeding dog paws.
Fungal infection on the paws also causes an itchy feeling. Constant chewing will lead to bleeding dog paws. It is abnormal for a dog to keep chewing on their paws so this should be an indication of an underlying health issue.
The vet will treat a fungal infection or counter allergic reactions and the itching will stop There are medicated creams that are ideal when it comes to fighting the itchy feeling. Be careful to get prescription only from a professional.
It is a healthy practice to exercise your dog but over-exercising will make them paws sore and susceptible to injuries. Limit the amount of exercise you give to your dog.
You should also avoid walking your dog on a hot sunny day the hot ground or tarmac will burn the paws. The best time to take your dog out for a walk is early morning or late evenings when the ground has cooled
How to Stop Bleeding Dog Paws, Home Care and Treatment.
The causes of dog paw bleeding have been listed above. Some can be mild while others can cause profuse bleeding. Mild bleeding can be treated at home using simple home remedies while profuse bleeding needs the care of a professional.
Whichever the case, you should first perform first aid on the bleeding dog paws before you head for the clinic. There are some easy operations you can perform in order to ease the pain the dog has been subjected to and even contain the bleeding before you get to the clinic.
1. Remove any foreign object
Foreign objects like small stones, sharp wooden splints and even broken pieces of glass can get trap between the bleeding dog paws. Inspect the paw carefully for any foreign object. Gently remove the object causing trauma on the paw.
If the object has dug deep into the skin, then you need to use a pair of tweezers to carefully pull it out. Trim the hair around the object if possible in order to see it clearly. Do not force the object out if it is rooted deep inside the flesh.
You may end up hurting the paw even more. If you cannot be able to get the foreign object out of the skin then take your dog to a professional to do it. They have better tools, experience, and technique of dealing with this issue. If you manage to remove the object on your own, then bravo. Go to the next step.
2. Clean and disinfect the bleeding dog paws.
Cleaning the dog paw will help in getting rid of dirt, soil and any foreign object that is still clinging on the paw. Disinfecting the dog paw will kill any bacteria or pathogens that may cause secondary infection to the bleeding dog paws.
The dog paw can be cleaned and disinfected using either iodine or Epsom salt. The following are reasons and instructions on how to use iodine or Epsom salt.
Why Epsom Salt?
- It is multipurpose;
- It will prevent any inflammation on the wounded paw.
- It is a natural painkiller
- It will rejuvenate skin cells during healing and this help in closing the wound faster.
- It relaxes the muscles on the leg of the dog
- Balances the pH of the skin intruder to promote the growth of good bacteria that fight of bad bacterial and fungal infection, hence prevent secondary infection.
You can choose iodine over Epsom salt depending on the one you can access easily. Here is a list of the advantage of using iodine;
- Alcohol-free iodine can be bought in a local pharmacy near you
- It will dislodge any foreign object stuck on the dog paw
- It prevents inflammation in the affected area. In the case of an existing inflammation, iodine will suppress it.
- It dries up the bleeding dog paws and helps in stropping the bleeding
- It disinfects the wound and prevents secondary infection from bacteria and fungi
What you need for cleaning and disinfecting the bleeding dog paws
- Epsom Salt or alcohol –free iodine
- Warm Water
- Protective plastic gloves
- A clean piece of cloth
How to use Epsom salt at home to disinfect bleeding dog paws and soles
- Half fill a clean basin with warm water
- Pour a hand full of Epsom salt into the warm water and stir with your hands until the salt dissolve and mixes with the water.
- Dip the bleeding dog paws in the Epsom water and gently wash the paw in the water
- Keeps it going for a few minutes until the paw is washed clean. Do this as you press gently on the affected dog paw.
- Dry the paw with a clean piece of cloth
- Tie a small bandage around it for an hour as you observe it
If the bleeding continues then rash your dog to the clinic
How to use Iodine at home to treat bleeding dog paws
- Wear protective gloves since iodine can stain your hands and nails
- Fill a clean basin with clean warm water at least halfway
- Add drops of iodine to the water until it turns color to light brown
- Wash the bleeding dog paws with the iodine water
- Repeat this for a few more minutes as you inspect in between the paws and applying gentle pressure on the bleeding dog paws.
- Dry the dog paw and cover it with a loose bandage.
- If the bleeding does not stop then seek medical advice
3. Stop the bleeding
After cleaning, disinfecting and tying the bandage you can keep applying pressure gently on the affected paw in order to stop p the bleeding.
According to pedigree.com” If the cut is small, the bleeding may stop in short order. However, if the cut is very deep, you may not be able to stop the bleeding on your own—and a trip to the veterinarian’s office for expert care will be necessary.” You can wear a collar over the dog’s neck in order to prevent it from chewing on the paw. Chewing is likely to trigger the bleeding after it stops.
4. Minimize the dog’s activities on the paw
Tie the dog up in order to reduce its mobility and the pressure it exerts on the paws. If you are handling a house pet then you can initiate cuddling and just relax l with it wither in bed on the couch.
You can catch on a movie or a TV series while at it so that you don’t get bored. House dogs love cuddling.
When to see a vet
After performing the above home remedies. The bleeding may or may not stop. You should take the dog to a dog hospital. Keep checking the affected area for any sign of inflammation or pus oozing out instead of blood. The wound should not bear a bad smell. This is a sign of an infection.
If you do not take good care of the bleeding dog paws, then it is likely to get a secondary infection. Bacterial infections will cause puss filled inflammations around the cut or pus will ooze from the cut.
Fungal infection thrives on the damp environment so ensure that the dog paws are dry at all time. Keep them loosely bandaged.
The dog paws should not bear any fishy smell. If you notice any bad smell emanating from the wound, then get it checked by a vet ASAP.
You may also look at Causes of a bump on dog eyelid
“apply a non-adherent dressing and bandage to the paw, being certain not to wrap it too tightly. If possible, always leave the toes exposed so that you can easily check for signs of swelling.”According to Medicine Net,