Leaking urine without knowing is professionally known an s urinary inconsistence. Ever heard of someone saying, “I laughed so mm b hard, I peed on myself”, well It is not just a phrase, it actually happens. You don’t have to have a health condition for it to happen. Your urine can leak when you cough, sneeze, laugh hard or when jumping. Pregnant mothers can also experience this. Let’s look at some of the causes and how to stop leaking pee at home.
Urine leakage without feeling it can also happen when you are nervous when or do rigorous exercises. Have a weak muscle on the opening of the urethra is also a major cause of leaking urine.
You need to train yourself on how to hold your pee when you feel the urge. You should not go to the bathroom every time you feel a slight urge of urinating. Holding for too long is also not recommended, we shall discuss more on health issues that cause leaking of urine.
Urinary incontinence Symptoms
The main symptoms of urinary inconsistency is wetting your pants involuntary. Either with small drops of urine or a lot of flow that trickles down your thighs and legs. You may also smell of urine more often. The experience is different for everyone who has urinary inconsistence.
It depends on the causative agent. The Following are the most commons situations or related symptoms to urinary inconsistence.
- Stress inconsistence: Experiencing leaking urine when stress or pressure is exerted on your bladder. This can happen when you laugh, sneeze, cough or lift weights at the gym.
- Overflow Inconsistence: When you go to the bathroom for nature call number 1, your bladder doesn’t empty completely hence little drops of urine wet your pants after you leave the loo.
- Functional inconsistence: Some health conditions that impair your physical or mental abilities may hinder you from removing your pants in good time for the urine.
- Urge inconsistence: Always feeling an immense urge to urinate that come out of blues. The urge is so great that you can hardly make it to the loo before you pee on yourself. It happens as often as possible all through the day. A disorder in the brain or health condition can cause frequent urge to urinate.
- Total inconsistence: This happens when your sphincter muscle is permanently damaged. You don’t have control over it anymore and urine is constantly leaking from your urethra.
You need to get checked by your doctor if you experience any of the above mentioned situations. There are control measures you can take in order to live with yourself in peace. You may end up hating yourself or get depressed if the problem becomes persistent. People around you may tease you and brand you names that cause emotional scars.
Leaking urine Male Causes
The symptoms associated with different types of urine inconsistence mentioned above occur in both men and women. The only difference is the structure of the organs that dispense urine. Urine leaks when there is no coordination between the bladder muscles and the muscles in the urethra.
While passing urine the muscles on the contract while those of the urethra relax so that the urine is released. The muscles need to relax under the control of your nervous system. If this control is lost then urine will flow out uncontrollably. This weakening of muscles is influenced by several factors. The following are the major causes;
Urinary tract infection refers to a bacterial infection in the urethra. This bacterium (Escherichia coli) is naturally present in the body. This infection causes sudden and frequent urges to urinate. This increases the chances of urine leak.
Other symptoms to watch out for are pain and a burning sensation while urinating. Men don’t get urinary tract infection as often as women because their urethra is longer thus the bacteria have to travel a longer distance.
Cancer of the prostate is a deadly cancer that interferes with other glands surrounding the prostate gland. The prostate gland is located below the bladder and is in charge of urine control. Treatment methods of prostate cancer weaken the bladder.
Undetected prostate cancer also damages the bladder. So either way you are doomed. It is important to go for regular screening of prostate cancer. There are symptoms to watch out for that can alert you that your reproductive organs maybe in danger of prostate cancer. They include;
- Regular urge inconsistence. You always feel like going for a short call, especially at night
- You experience pain while urinating or ejaculating
- You get a hard time when peeing. Starting and maintaining the process becomes a challenge
- Erectile dysfunction
- Painful pelvic bones
According to NHS, “These symptoms shouldn’t be ignored, but they do not mean you definitely have prostate cancer. It is more likely that they are caused by something else, such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (also known as BPH or prostate enlargement)” Prostate cancer is treatable if detected early. However, it is likely to render you impotent.
The Older you get the more your muscles weaken. Elderly men are likely to have dysfunctional sphincter muscles as compared to youths. Their bladder also cannot hold urine for longer. However, young boys also tend to wet their bed until they come of age.
This is a short term problem that can be solved by training to control urge at night and controlling the amount of fluids they take in the evening. Doing kegel exercises helps in controlling muscles responsible for passing urine.
Diet plays a major role in our body. It can either build or ruin your health and alter your normal body functions. There are foods and drinks that make your bladder get full faster hence constant visits to the small room. They include; Alcohol, smoking, Hot chocolate, fizzy drinks, sparkling water, chilli pepper, too much vitamin C and certain medication.
Constipation refers to defecation of very compact stool that is not well lubricated. It gets painful. When you are constipated the rectal nerves will become over active and make your bladder muscles contract as well. This leads to frequent urination and leaking urine.
As men age, their prostate glands increase in size. This enlargement of prostate glands causes urine inconsistence. It is medically known as Benign Prostate Enlargement, BPE. The enlarged prostate gland exerts pressure on the urethra and the bladder. It is important to know that prostate enlargement does not lead to prostate cancer.
If you happen to get prostate cancer after experience prostate enlargement, then it will be a sheer coincidence. Men with enlarged prostate glands are encouraging d to quit alcohol and avoid carbonated drinks. Regular excessing is of great benefit. BPE can be reduced and cured using medication or if it gets complex then surgery will be required.
The nervous system plays and important role in controlling your call of nature. When the nerves that are in charge of your bladder lose their powers then you will not be able to coordinate any activity down there. You urine may flow out without your knowledge until when you feel some wetness on your pants. This type of urine inconsistence is known as functional inconsistence.
Some abnormalities of urine inconsistence are passed down from generations. If your parents or grandparents have a history of urine inconsistence, then you are likely to acquire one at any age.
Anything that blocks the path of urine from the bladder out of the body is likely to cause urine leak. While taking the call of nature, you will not be able to dispense all the urine in your urethra. Some will linger behind then flow out later after you are done with the nature call.
This type of inconsistence is called overflow inconsistence. Blockage in the urethra can be caused by urethra stones or a tumour on the pathway of urine.
Men who are overweight or obese will experience stress inconsistence. The excess weight strains the bladder and makes the urine flow out more often than expected. People who have weight issues often get the urge to pee much more frequently as compared to normal weight.
Leaking Urine Female Causes, Meaning
Leaking urine affects both genders. It is more common in women because of the structure of their systems. The urethra of a woman is shorter as compared to that of a man hence the urine covers a shorter distance from the bladder to its way out of the body.
Women are also more prone to leaking urine because of the hormones in their body and the changes they go through when they become mothers. Below are insights on the causes of leaking urine in women and their meaning;
As the pregnancy grows bigger the increased weight of the fetus will press on your bladder and cause frequent urination. Hormonal fluctuation during pregnancy also causes and increase in the urge to urinate at very short intervals. This type of inconsistence is referred to as stress inconsistence.
Child delivery via the vagina is risky for most women who go through normal delivery. Complication may develop when the muscles that control the bladder are weakened. The nervous system and supportive tissues around the bladder or get affected. This is why most mothers after child birth experience leaking urine for a while. They wear maternity pads for a while.
Levels of estrogen keep dropping as a woman approaches menopause. By the time she gets fully into menopause stage the levels of estrogen are very low and this affects the bladder. This hormone plays and important role in maintain bladder and urethra lining. Reduced production of estrogen will cause leaking urine.
A surgery that involves the removal of crucial organs like the uterus may affect the bladder since they sit around the same region and have a common support tissue. The pelvic floor muscles will weaken and affects the bladder. This causes urine inconsistence. It becomes very difficult to control the bladder after surgery of a reproductive organ. The sagging of the pelvic organs out of place after a surgery is known as pelvic organ prolapse.
Treatment of cancer of the cervix can cause urine inconsistence. Exposure to cancer therapy may interfere with your normal bladder and urethra abilities.
Just like men, there are certain food and drinks that affect the consistence of urine in women. It even gets worse in women because they have a shorter urethra. Feeding on these luxuries will increase your urge to pee. You are likely to get overflow inconsistence if you keep at it.
You may not be able to dispense all the urine in one trip to the loo. Avoid Alcohol, chocolate, cigarettes carbonated drinks, sparkling water, chilli pepper and excess vitamin C in the body. I guess you are surprised at the last one .Yes, Vitamin C is an essential nutrient in the body but too much of anything is dangerous.
Constipation causes frequent urination because the compact stool makes your nerves hyper in order to be able to release it of the body. In the process the muscles of the bladder and urethra are also activate and you end up passing urine involuntarily. You will notice that every time you go to the loo when you are constipated you not only deliver number 2 call of nature but number 1 accompanies it.
If you hail from a family where people a have a history of urine inconsistence, then you are likely to get one as well at some point in your life time. This is one of the factors that doctors check for when you go for a diagnosis so that they get to know the root of your problem.
Nerve damage in the brain or spine can affect the entire nervous system. This will cause uncoordinated flow of urine out of the body. This type of urine inconsistence is known as functional inconsistence. Brain tumours and other diseases that affect the spinal code are associated with nerve damage.
Can UTI cause urine leakage
Absolutely! Urinary tract infection is characterised by sudden frequent urge to pee causes urge inconsistence. You may be unable to control your bladder in good time. Most people who suffer from urinary tract infection end up wetting their pants because they lost control of the bladder.
The muscles of the urethra become weak and urine flows out against your wish. The good news is the bacteria that cause urinary tract infection can be killed using antibiotics. Ensure you visit your doctor whenever you feel pain or a burning sensation while urinating.
Leaking urine without knowing it
Leaking urine without knowing it is caused by urine inconsistence. There are several types of inconsistency that cause leaking urine without knowing it;
- Stress inconsistences- pressure is being exerted on the bladder making it contract without warning. Influenced by sneezing, coughing, laughing or excess weight.
- Functional inconsistence – the nervous system and muscles are not coordinated
- Urge inconsistence – frequent urge to urinate
- Mixed inconsistence –having a combination of inconsistence
- Total inconsistence – permanent damage of muscles
The above issue can be addressed by your doctor. Women who have undergone child birth are at higher risk of leaking urine without knowing it.
Leaking urine without feeling it
It is possible to leak urine without feeling it. This is caused by overflow inconsistence. When you go to the loo to pee you will assume that you have dispensed all the urine in your bladder. However, some of the urine tends to lag behind for a while either due to blockage of the urethra by a tumour or urethra stones.
The urine that stays in your urethra for a while will then flow out when you least expect it. You may not feel it because it was already released it just didn’t get out. There will be no muscle contractions or urge hence it can go unnoticed especially when you are wearing a panty liner for women. The only thing that will make you aware is the slight witness or a sudden smell of urine emanating from down there.
Leaking urine during pregnancy First trimester
Urine leak occur through pregnancy. In the first trimester it is mainly pregnancy hormones that affect your bladder. The level of progesterone rises significantly when you get pregnant. This hormone is responsible for relaxing body muscles and tissues.
With time the tissues and muscles of your pelvic floor will stretch and won’t be able to seal the bottom of your bladder. As a result, your sphincter muscles become weak and you will not be able to control your pee when you sneeze, cough or laugh.
As you advance into the second and the third trimester, the weight of the baby increase. This excess weight will exert pressure on your bladder hence the increase in urge and frequency of peeing. Pregnant women are encouraged to practise pelvic floor exercises regularly in order to maintain the strength of their pelvic floor muscles.
Leaking pee after having baby
The muscles that support the bladder and the urethra can be damaged by the activities that take place during child birth. This leaves you out of control of your short call sessions. When you want to pee, your nerves will coordinate the muscles of the bladder to contract and those of the urethra to relax so that the urine is passed out freely.
Without this control you will not be able to regulate the contractions and relaxation of these muscles. After child birth it may take a while until a mother gains back her control of the bladder.
Difference between leaking amniotic fluid and urine leakage when pregnant
Amniotic fluid leaks toward the end of your pregnancy term. Amniotic fluid is different form urine since it is the fluid that keeps the baby balanced in the amniotic sac. The amniotic fluid is different form urine in that you will not feel it coming out until you notice fluid flowing done your legs onto the floor.
It does not bear any strong smell and cannot be stopped however hard you try. Most amniotic fluid is either transparent or yellow green.
On the other hand you will be able to feel leaking urine since the muscles of your bladder and urethra will contract and relax respectively. The urine will flow out but you can stop it if you try hard. Urine has a strong distinct smell of ammonia. It mostly occurs when you sneeze, cough or laugh.
So if you notice a fluid flowing out of you without being triggered and doesn’t smell of ammonia then you should commence your journey to the hospital or contact your midwife for you are about to be a mother. In most cases the amniotic fluid is followed by contractions.
Burning pain after urinating
Burning pain after urinating is a symptom of an underlying health condition. It can be a treatable disease like urinary tract infection or a more fatal one like prostate cancer. Urinary tract infection is caused by E. coli bacteria that exist naturally in the body. It causes infection when it finds its way up the urethra into the bladder. The patient will feel pain and burning sensation while urinating and immediately after. Blood in the urine is also a clear symptom of urinary tract infection.
You should not diagnose yourself at home and buy antibiotics over the counter. Ensure you seek medical advice and treatment from a professional doctor. Prostate cancer has similar symptoms hence it is important to get screened before dismissing that option. This type of cancer is curable when detected early and does not need complex treatment.
Sometimes it may also manifest in your glands and go unnoticed until it gets to a severe stage. Chemotherapy is used to kill the cancerous cells in the body. These kinds of treatment and medic action that accompany it may affect your urinary tract and cause pain or a burning feeling after urination. Your doctor will advise you on the best way to deal with the pain are such a case.
Sometimes burning pain after urinating is caused by sexually transmitted diseases like Chlamydia and gonorrhoea. These diseases are spread through having unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected partner.
Having multiple sex partners puts you at high risk of contracting these diseases. The above mentioned sexually transmitted disease is linked to frequent urge to urinate. This results into leaking urine if you do not take good care of yourself.
Causes of urine leakage with a burning feel at the penis tip
A burning sensation at the tip of the penis while urinating is caused by either urinary tract infection or sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia and gonorrhoea in men.
The pain and burning is one of the major symptoms that you should tell your doctor about when you go for examination. All these infections are caused by bacteria. One is found naturally in the body while the others are foreign.
Causes of leaking pee with a burning feel at the vaginal opening
Urine that causes burning feel on the vaginal opening is associated with an infection. In most cases a bacterial infection in the vagina or urinary tract. This is a major symptom of sexually transmitted disease like chlamydia and gonorrhoea.
You should check out for abnormal discharge as well and seek medical advice. Sores in the vaginal opening can also cause pain and burning feel since urine is warm and contains ammonia that stings.
Leaking pee when sneezing
Leaking pee when sneezing is caused by a type of urine inconsistence known as stress inconsistence. When you sneeze pressure is exerted on your bladder and the muscles contract unwillingly hence a sudden gash of urine out of your system. It mostly happens when you already have weakened sphincter muscles hence you are not able to control leaking urine.
Performing kegel exercises will help you in stringing your muscles. It can be embarrassing if you wet your pants every time you sneeze especially in public. Sneezing is a reflex action that cannot be avoided. You never know when it will strike.
The best favour you can do yourself is to learn how to strengthen your muscles. Sometimes you got to practise holding onto pee a little bit before going to the loo. Do not rush to the loo immediately whenever you feel the urge.
Urine leakage while jumping
Urine leakage while jumping is caused by stress inconsistence. When you jump the muscles of the pelvic floor that seal the bladder loosens. Pressure is exerted on the bladder and it releases urine. When you have lost sphincter muscles, you won’t be able to hold back urine whenever you jump or do any kind of rigorous exercise.
Urine leakage during sex
Urine leakage during sex occurs mostly during orgasm. Leakage of urine during sex is influenced by stress inconsistence. Women who have weak pelvic floor muscles are likely to pee during sex. The pressure exerted on the bladder during an orgasm is intense.
It will squeeze the bladder and urine will flow out since the weak pelvic muscles cannot stop it. Doing kegel exercises will enable you to control the pee during orgasm and help you achieve better orgasm without getting worried that you are going to let out urine.
Leaking urine After Urination, Male, Female, children, adult
Leaking urine after urination in both adult and children is caused by overflow inconsistence. Overflow inconsistence occurs when the urine duct or urethra is blocked by either a tumour or urethra stones. Some urine remains in the urethra and flow out later when you are done with peeing.
This problem is common to all humans. The gender or age does not matter. However old people and young children are prone to urine leakage because their muscles are not strong enough.
What is bladder leakage
Bladder leakage refers to involuntary flow of urine out of the bladder. The muscles of the pelvic floor are responsible for closing the base of the bladder. When these muscles become weak the urine will leak out of the bladder.
An over active bladder will cause bladder leakage. According to Mayo Clinic, “Management of overactive bladder often begins with behavioural strategies, such as fluid schedules, timed voiding and bladder-holding techniques using your pelvic floor. If these initial efforts don’t help enough with your overactive bladder symptoms, medications are available.”
Causes of bladder control problems
Bladder control problems have several causes. Here is a list you can refer to;
- Family history of urine inconsistence
- Constipation, Age, Nerve damage
- Diet, Pregnancy, Child Birth, Prostate enlargement
- Prostate cancer, Urinary tract infection
- Surgery, Medication, Blockage of the urethra
- Body weight, these causes have been discussed in details above
How to manage and Stop leaking pee at home
Urine inconsistence can be controlled and stopped at home. This is possible especially in the early stages of leakage. You need to take charge of your bladder as soon as you experience incidences of urine leakage. If you have a family history of urine leakage, then you better take these precautions even before observing the urine.
- Kegel exercises. They involve flexing and tightening pelvic muscles and bladder muscles. When you are sited on the toilet seat, begin to pee then stop suddenly and hold back the pee for a little bit then release it. Do this as often as possible until you are able to control your urine.
- If you are overweight, you need to get onto routine exercise that will help you shed off the extra weight that presses on your bladder. Hit the gym and get on a diet that will help you lose weight.
- Train your bladder. Avoid running to the loo whenever you feel the urge to pee. You need to sit tight or stand still and hold back the pee for at least 10 minutes or more. Keep doing this daily as you progressively increase the amount of time you can hold your pee for. With time you will be able to hold pee for more than 3 hours. You can easily travel miles without having to make stop overs.
- Magnesium helps in improving the functionality of your nerves as well as bladder muscles. Consume food rich in magnesium such as potatoes and bananas.
- Avoid smoking, drinking alcohol and taken caffeine in drinks such as tea and coffee.
- Drinks a lot of water in order to avoid constipation. Drinking a lot of water will also give you a chance to train your urge.
Urine Leakage Treatment
Urine leakage is treated by treating the underlying health condition. Inconsistences that are caused by weekend muscles can be cured by practising kegel exercise. Kegel exercise will strengthen your muscles and reduces the incidences of leaking urine.
All you have to do is learn how to hold onto your pee for a few seconds and release it then hold again. You can get more insights on how to train your muscles in YouTube. There are several videos that will take you through the steps of pelvic floor muscle exercises.
Change of diet and shading off excess weight will help in treating stress inconsistence. Pregnant women also recover from urine inconsistent after child birth and putting in some work to gain control of their muscles.
The only case of inconsistence that is almost beyond control is total inconsistence. It mostly happens to very old people. They have no option but to wear adult diapers.
Leaking Urine Without Knowing, Feeling It | Causes leaking Pee, During Pregnant, After Urinating
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