Eczema on scalp in severe cases can also cause receding hair lines, painful red sore on scalp and hair loss. It is best to manage it in its early stage. It is common during the summer season, the sun beats down on the scalp thereby dehydrating the skin. However, scalp eczema in baby or adult may occur during other seasons depending on the underlying causes.
During winter, there is not enough moisture present in the air, and forced heat tends to be very bad for your skin. Below are some remedies and treatment for scalp Eczema, scalp scabs that may be itchy, painful with pimples or rash.
Scalp scabs caused by eczema on the scalp tend to be frustrating, unsightly and are usually very itchy. Scratching generally makes them worse and increases the chances of one becoming infected. In many cases, the scalp scabs will clear out on their own, although they are known to get worse during the summer and winter months.
What causes eczema on scalp
Scalp eczema in most cases is an indication of Seborrhoeic dermatitis. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a common chronic and relapsing form of eczema that attack areas of the body including the scalp. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is of two types:
Infantile Seborrhoeic Dermatitis
The condition affects children below the age of three months and usually resolves itself by the time the babies are between six and twelve months of age.
Adult Seborrhoeic Dermatitis
It often begins in late adolescence. It is highly prevalent in young adults and senior members of the society. In many cases, you will find it in more women than in men. For instance, dandruff is an uninflamed type of Seborrhoeic dermatitis. Dandruff often-present fiber like scaly patches that are spread within hair bearing areas of a scalp.
Scalp psoriasis is a skin disorder characterized by raised, reddish, and very scary patches. This is also a major cause of psoriasis on baby’s scalp. The condition can pop up as one patch or be part of a group. In severe cases, it can spread to the back of the neck, forehead and behind the ears. Apart from scalp psoriasis and Seborrhoeic dermatitis, additional types of other causes of sores on scalp include;
- Dry Scalp
- Red burning itchy scalp
Symptoms of scalp eczema in children and adults
Though there are many different types of Eczema on scalp condition, the symptoms are often related. Symptoms to check for in order to know whether you have one of the Eczema on scalp condition include;
- Increased pain, warmth, redness or swelling
- Red streaks coming from your wound
- Pus draining from the scalp wounds
- Fever that may be combined with a dry scalp
- Itching and Soreness or burning
- Hair loss
- Dandruff-like flaking
- Silvery white scales
- Scary, red and bumpy patches
- Pimples that may open up into Blisters
Some of the Eczema on scalp conditions such as psoriasis do not necessarily cause hair loss, but a lot of scratching, picking the scaly spots, stress, and harsh treatments that go with this condition can lead to temporary hair loss. Fortunately, the hair will usually start growing back once the skin clears.
Causes of Scabs and Sores on Scalp
The scalp often comes second to the hair, until the moment it when starts to beg for your attention. Eczema on scalp can be caused by some factors that include;
Contact dermatitis is an allergic reaction to something you have touched. Health and beauty items such as hair dye, jewelry, and shampoo are known to cause allergic reactions. Materials such as latex may also cause this type of reaction. Outdoor foliage such as poison oak and poison ivy may also lead to this type of reaction.
Allergic reactions cause the development of dry patches on the scalp that burn or itch. When you scratch them, it can lead to scabbing and bleeding.
Dandruff, also known as Seborrhoeic dermatitis are a skin condition that affects the scalp. Their symptoms include scabbing, flaking and itching. The crusty skin patches are usually yellow or white in color and at times attach to the hair shafts.
Its causes are not clear, but one certain thing is that they have nothing to do with cleanliness. You could be shampooing your hair on a daily basis, and still find yourself with dandruff. Though it is not contagious, it can take a long time before you get dandruff under control.
Psoriasis is a condition that affects various parts of the human body. In many cases, it causes thick and silver gray scabs to appear all over your scalp.
People with mild Psoriasis can use medicated shampoo to treat their scalps and ease the itching that comes with this condition. In cases where the scalp scabs appear accompanied by lymph nodes that are swollen, you may need to get antibacterial treatment.
When you have Seborrhoeic eczema, the scalp becomes irritated, scaly, and red in color. The thick scabs present in the scalp may become itchy and quite uncomfortable.
Given that inflammation characterizes Seborrhoeic eczema, this can cause it to spread to the neck, behind the ears and onto the face.
This ailment causes purple or red bumps to appear on your skin. When the scalp is affected, it can lead to hair loss and permanent scarring.
Any person can contact this condition, but it mostly strikes people in their middle ages. At times, it can be diagnosed by its appearance, and a skin biopsy can be used to do the same.
Ringworm of the Scalp
Ringworms are a fungal infection that involves your scalp, skin and the hair shafts. Their symptoms include scaly patches and itching. They most affect children, and unlike the other types of Eczema on scalp conditions, these are quite contagious.
Nobody likes the idea of being infested with head lice. As unnerving as the lice are, they are not known to cause diseases or cause any significant health concerns. When you have head lice, you will usually feel movement in your head accompanied by itching.
Scratching the head too much leads to scalp scabs and this, in turn, leads to infections. When someone in your family has lice, it will be important to ensure that every person in that house who has been in close contact with the affected person is checked.
Shingles and chickenpox have one similarity; the same virus causes them both. Once you have had chickenpox, the virus that causes it will remain dormant in your body. When it becomes activated again, you get shingles. Although shingles mainly affect the skin, scalp scabs can also form over time.
The rashes caused by shingles look like small blisters which turn yellow and often form a crust that can last for as long as two weeks. The rash from the shingles can be very painful and may cause facial weakness as well as headaches.
Eosinophilic Folliculitis is a scalp and skin condition that affects people living with HIV/AIDS. The condition causes Eczema on the scalp that are itchy and easily get inflamed filling with pus.
Once the wounds have healed, a patch of darker skin is left behind. Unlike other types of scalp scabs, this particular one has the potential to spread and recur with time. Apart from the above, additional causes of Eczema on scalp include:
- Warm summer temperatures
- Braids that are too tight
Prevention of Eczema on Scalp
To be able to maintain normal hair production, it is recommended that you eat between two and three servings of protein each day. Protein is normally found in chicken, eggs, meat, fish, dried beans, grains, tofu, and certain types of nuts. You need to treat your hair gently to prevent Eczema on scalp. If the hair breaks easily, do the following:
- Comb, shampoo and brush the hair less frequently
- Use a conditioner or cream rinse after you have shampooed your hair. It makes the hair easier to comb.
- Use brushes and wide-tooth combs that have smooth tips
- Avoid rough brushing, rubbing, or combing when the hair is still wet. Wet hair is more fragile and therefore breaks much more easily.
- Make sure to avoid hairstyles that pull on the hair such as cornrows, braids, and ponytails. Constant pulling of your hair will lead to hair loss, especially along the scalp sides. If you really have to use these hairstyles, ensure you avoid tight braids and ponytails. You should also consider alternating with loose hairstyles
- Limit the number of times you use straighteners, curling irons, and flat irons. When using these products, make sure to use the lowest setting possible.
- Try to avoid chemical treatments as much as possible until the hair that had previously been treated using chemicals has grown out.
- To prevent conditions such as head lice, it is recommended that you do not share combs, hats, and other items touching your hair.
- To prevent cancer of the skin, you need to protect the scalp and your entire skin from the sun rays. You will need to:
- Limit the length of time you expose yourself to the skin, in particular between ten in the morning and four in the evening
- Wear hats that are wide brimmed
- Avoid sunlamps and tanning booths
Having looked at the causes of Eczema on the scalp and ways to prevent them, let us now focus on the remedies.
Eczema on Scalp Home Remedies
Do you often find yourself having to scratch your scalp in public? This is not only embarrassing, but it can also lead to discomfort and severe hair loss. The following are some of the methods that you can use to treat Eczema on scalp fast, overnight at home.
1. Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil contains very powerful anti-inflammation, antibacterial, and antifungal properties, which are ideal for treating Eczema on scalp. You can use it as follows:
- Add ten to twenty drops of tea tree oil to a half cup of shampoo and use it on a daily basis until the Eczema disappear
- Alternatively, you can dilute three cups of tea tree oil using a single tablespoon of vegetable oil and apply it to the scalp. With regular use, your scalp will be healed within two weeks.
2. Lemon Juice
It helps in treating dry and itchy scalps as it contains antiseptic properties. Lemon juice is particularly useful when it comes to dealing with dandruff.
- You can apply it directly to your scalp and leave it there for five minutes before shampooing the hair. For those that do not have dandruff, they should dilute the juice using water.
3. Baking Soda
Baking soda is readily available at home and can be used to treat an itchy scalp. It relieves itching in the scalp by exfoliating your scalp and controlling dandruff that is caused by fungi.
- Make a paste using the baking powder and some water. Apply the paste to your scalp, and rub in some olive oil to guarantee best results.
- Leave it on your scalp for between ten and fifteen minutes and then rinse your hair lots of water.
4. Apple Cider Vinegar
It contains powerful anti-inflammation properties that kill viruses and yeast that causes the scalp to itch. It is also able to balance the scalp’s pH levels and thus helps in relieving dryness and itching.
- Rinse the scalp and leave it to dry
- Mix equal amounts of water and apple cider vinegar and put the mixture into a spray bottle. Apply the mixture to your head using cotton balls.
- After a few minutes have passed, shampoo your head using normal water
- Ensure you follow the remedy at least once or twice each week.
5. Aloe Vera
The aloe Vera gel contains moisturizing properties that help in relieving itching and dryness in people that have Eczema on the scalp.
- Spread the gel on your scalp and hair using your fingers.
- Leave it for between ten and fifteen minutes and then wash the hair using a mild shampoo
6. Coconut Oil
The oil builds a barrier on your skin that helps keep it moisturized and is, therefore, a great way to deal with an itchy scalp.
- Rub a small amount of coconut oil onto your scalp once you have washed the hair. Leave it there for thirty minutes and then wash it using perfume-free shampoo. Follow the remedy for at least three times a week.
- Alternatively, you can heat the coconut oil until it melts and then add it to your shampoo when washing the hair.
For those who like to eat bananas, they will be happy to learn that the bananas can also be used in treating itchy scalps. They not only treat Eczema on scalp, but they also condition the hair.
Bananas contain moisturizing and nourishing properties that reduce inflammation, dandruff, and flakes.
- Mash two bananas and combine them with a single ripe avocado
- Apply it to your scalp
- Leave it there for thirty minutes before properly rinsing your hair
8. Sesame Seed Oils
Sesame seeds are nourishing, lubricating and healing, which makes them an effective treatment for dry and itchy scalps.
- Heat the Sesame oil to warm it slightly
- Massage the scalp using this warm oil each night before heading to bed. Use your fingers to massage the scalp for at least ten minutes before wrapping your head using a hot towel. When the oil is left on the scalp all night, it provides your scalp with optimal moisturizing.
- Shampoo your hair each morning and continue with the treatment for as long as necessary.
9. Witch Hazel
Witch hazel is a natural astringent helps in relieving itchy scalps. The herb is of great benefit to people who have itchy scalps caused by blow drying or coloring their hair.
- Mix a single part of witch hazel with two ounces of water
- Pour the mixture onto your scalp and massage it thoroughly.
- Leave it for a few minutes
- Wash the hair
10. Jojoba Oil
The oil is an excellent natural moisturizing treatment that helps in relieving itchy and dry scalps.
- Take a small amount and massage it into your scalp each night before sleeping. The oil should be left on your scalp overnight
- Wash your hair using a mild shampoo in the morning
Make sure to repeat the remedy at least once each week.
Regardless of the home remedy, you choose to follow; it is always best to follow it through for a few weeks without fail for the best results.
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Scalp Eczema Treatment
To find out the original cause of Eczema on scalp, it is always recommended that you consult with a dermatologist to establish whether they were caused by shingles, eczema, or psoriasis. You can use the following methods to get rid of scalp scabs:
1. Hot Towel
Pick a hotel towel and dip it into the moderately hot water. Squeeze the towel to get rid of the water. Wrap the hot towel around your scalp and hairs for between ten and fifteen minutes. The steam from the towel will loosen the scabs making it possible for you to remove them by combing your hair.
2. Lemon Juice
Add ten to fifteen drops of lemon juice to a small amount of warm oil and then massage it into your scalp. Leave it therefore at least thirty minutes before proceeding to shampoo your hair. You may feel a slight irritation, but it will help in getting rid of the scabs due to its antibacterial and astringent properties.
3. Scalp Mask
Freshly extracted aloe Vera gel or beaten eggs can act as an ideal scalp mask. It is recommended that you apply the scalp mask at least once each week. The mask keeps the scalp properly moisturized and itchy free.
4. Olive Oil
While olive oil is great for your health, it is more beneficial when applied to the hair and scalp.
It helps in loosening the flakes commonly associated with psoriasis. When using olive oil, you should:
- Massage two tablespoons of the oil to your scalp
- Leave the oil there for ten minutes, and for severe cases, it can be allowed to stay there overnight.
- Before washing your hair, use a comb to remove the scales
5. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar can ease all forms of irritation from blisters to bug bites thanks to its antibacterial properties. It helps in relieving itchiness. You will need to apply it several times each week.
You should then use a fine tooth comb to remove the scales before shampooing and to rinse your hair as usual. Once you shampoo and rinse the hair, be sure to follow through using hair condition to ensure that the hair will not dry out.
Oatmeal is not just a breakfast option that lowers cholesterol—it is also a major skin soother. An oatmeal bath is a great option that can be used to alleviate pain caused by sunburns, chickenpox, poison ivy and Eczema on scalp.
When applied daily, it helps ease the inflammation caused by dryness. You will need to mix uncooked oatmeal with water and then apply the paste onto your scalp. Leave it therefore for ten minutes before rinsing and conditioning the hair.
7. Sea Salt
According to a study published in the International Journal of Dermatology, magnesium salts found in the Dead Sea area can help improve the skin barrier function in people who are suffering from inflammatory conditions like psoriasis.
The salt should be combined with olive oil to create a paste. The paste should then be applied to the scalp gently at least once or twice a week depending on the severity of the Eczema on scalp condition. Wash it off after twenty minutes and then proceed to condition the hair.
All these methods will help in easing the symptoms of the Eczema on scalp condition, but you should consult with a doctor when the problem persists. Scalp acne is also one of the major causes of Sores on scalp. Below is a video about it;