Tiny blisters on fingers in most cases is caused by a type of eczema commonly referred to as dyshidrotic eczema. Research indicates that it that affects females more often as compared to male. This can also cause eczema blisters on hand filled with fluid discharge. We will also discuss other causes of tiny small blisters bumps on figures, remedies and home treatment.
What is Dyshidrotic eczema?
This is a type of eczema that is characterized by very tiny blisters that develop on the hands and feet only. The blisters are itchy and occur in cluster that makes them look like scaly rashes. This skin condition is locally known as bad sweating because it is mostly triggered by wetness.
What does Dyshidrotic eczema look like
Dyshidrotic eczema occurs on the palm of the hands or the sole of feet. They are tiny eczema blisters on fingers that are red or brown in color. They are very painful and last for about 21 days before they begin to dry up. When they dry up the skin cracks and have random fissures all over.
It makes the hand or sole of feet look ugly and may lower someone’s self-esteem. These tiny blisters on fingers should be medically diagnosed so that they are not confused with any other type of skin diseases.
It is important that you visit a dermatologist for diagnosis. The following are the most common symptoms;
- Tiny blisters on fingers that occur in clusters to form a large one
- Tiny blisters that are red or brown in colour
- Very painful blisters on the sides of fingers, palm, toes or sole of the feet
- Fluid filled blisters that emerge from deep within the skin
- Blisters that dry put after 3 weeks and crack the skin
- Itchy blisters on the hands and sole of the feet.
- Rashes on the palm of hands and feet that do not go away
What is dyshidrotic eczema?
This is another noun for dyshidrotic eczema .The two are one and the same thing .Apart from dyshidrosis, this skin condition has got several other nouns that are used to refer to it. They include;
Cheiropompholyx eczema, foot and hand eczema, pompholyx eczema, pedopompholyx eczema, vesicular eczema and vesicular palmoplantar eczema.
Causes of Dyshidrotic Eczema, Eczema Blisters, bumps on Palm of Hands and Feet Soles
The cause of eczema is not usually known and dyshidrotic eczema is no exception. There are several factors that are tied to the flare up of these tiny blisters on fingers but it is very difficult to pin one cause to the eczema blister. These tiny blister bumps on fingers hardly affect children but are very common in adult especially these who are 40 years old and above.
The following are the reasons that are often associated with the break out of those tiny blisters and bumps on fingers;
- Allergic reaction from food, dust, alcohol, caffeine, chemicals found in detergents or hay and grass.
- Emotional stress and anxiety
- Family history of eczema
- Dampness on the hands or feet. Handling water often or sweating too much on the palm of the hands or sole of the feet.
- Autoimmune disorders
- When your skin comes into contact with harsh chemicals metals like nickel, chromium or
- Chlorinated water in swimming pools
- As a side effect of intravenous immunoglobulin infusions
- Atopic eczema causes tiny blisters on fingers
- HIV/AIDS infection
- Diseases or medication that weaken the immune system
Tiny blisters on fingers and palm of hands
Tiny eczema blisters on fingers on palm hands are very painful and may inhibit the hands from functioning properly. They are symptoms of dyshidrotic or pompholyx eczema. The blisters on the palm of the hands occur in clusters and may form a larger one. They are painful and itchy. These blisters are usually red in color or maybe brown in colour depending on the original color of the palm of your hands.
They are more common in women than men and only affect adult that are above 20 years of age. Blisters on fingers on hands have no particular cause but are mostly associated with hands that are always wet due to sweat or touching water all the time. You should ensure that you dry your hands and apply a moisturizer or petroleum jelly after touching water.
Tiny blisters on fingers and palm of hands also common in people who work in factories where they handle metal chemicals like nickel, cobalt or chromium. Other allergens found in different chemical and natural substances also cause these kinds of blisters.
The blisters on palm of the hands spread rapidly to the sides of the fingers .In severe cases they may even get to the back of the hand. Scratching these blisters will make the situation worse because they will get exposed to harmful pathogens like fungus, bacteria or fungi that will lead to secondary infection. A sign of secondary infection is a puss filled blister on the palm of the hands.
They can last up to 3 weeks then dry up, leaving the hands with fissures or scaly rough feel. There is no particular treatment for this kind of blister hence they will keep recurring after some months or a year.
The best you can do is control the symptoms. There are steroids creams and ointments that are used to prevent the itchiness and inflammation as discussed below. Antihistamine tablets help in countering allergic reactions.
Tiny blisters on fingers and soles of feet
Tiny blisters on the sole of the feet are also a type of dyshidrotic eczema just like up the one that attack the palm of the hands. The causes are similar the only difference is in the part of the body that has been exposed to the metal chemicals, allergens, wetness or a compromised immune system. Is it the hands or the feet?
These blisters are very tiny like a pin head and are red in color. They may combine to form large blisters that are very painful and you may not be able to walk comfortably until they heal. The fluid that collects inside the blisters is basically serum that comes from the blood vessels that surround the feet.
They usually heal on they own and dry up. The skin of the sole of your feet will crack once they dry up and become very rough. This makes it difficult to sleep because the sole of your feet will keep scratching your bed sheet or duvet. It can be very embarrassing especially when you share a bed with someone. They may lower your self-esteem.
A dermatologist is able to diagnose these blisters and eliminate the chances of other skin diseases disguising themselves in this form. Creams and ointments that are used to treat blisters on the palm of hands are also ideal for the blisters that form on the sole of feet.
The more you scratch these itchy blisters the more you expose them to germs that lead to secondary infection. The blisters will spread if you pop them by yourself. You should let your dermatologist drain them professionally.
Is Dyshidrotic eczema Contagious
The good news is that dyshidrotic eczema is not contagious. It cannot be passed from one person to another even through a hand shake. As much as the infected hands may look ugly, you should not be afraid of interacting with an infected person.
This is very hard to do though .People with kin conditions are always stigmatized whether the condition is contagious or not. Educate your family members and let them know that you are not going to infect them in any way.
Dyshidrotic eczema diet
Food that you consume really matters especially the mineral content. Tiny eczema blisters on fingers are triggered by food that is rich in some minerals like cobalt nickel. The following are some of the food that is rich in nickel and cobalt;
- Chocolate, Green leafy vegetables, Kidney Beans
- Lentils, Soya beans, Peas
- Fruits like pineapple and raspberries
- Canned meat and fish
- Cashew nuts, almonds, peanut and hazelnuts
- Dates, Licorie, Sunflower seeds, Oat meal, Tap water
Since most of these foods are commonly available, it is advisable that you take vitamin C supplements alongside them in order to slow down the absorption of these dangerous minerals. You should also avoid eating from plates that are coated with nickel or made out of nickel. High Ion diet is also useful when it comes to countering nickel. The following is a list of food that does not contain nickel;
- Fresh fruits like Banana, pears, raisins, peaches, strawberries, blueberries and blackberries.
- Fresh vegetables like cucumber , brussels sprouts , cabbage, pepper, eggplant, cauliflowers and bock choy
- Refined grains like pasta, white rice, cornflakes , cornmeal and white bread
- Chicken, Turkey, Eggs
- Beef, Milk, Cream
- Cheese, Butter, Yoghurt
Dyshidrotic eczema diagnosis
Since there no known cause for dyshidrotic eczema it is difficult to diagnose it. An experienced dermatologist is able to identify these bumps by physical examination. There is no lab test that can be conducted to determine the blisters. The only way is to conduct several tests in order to eliminate the possibility of other skin diseases like fungal infection or psoriasis.
Can eczema with blisters spread when popped or busted
Yes, you should be avoiding popping tiny blisters on fingers caused by eczema because the open wound can get infected by bacteria or fungi and lead to secondary infection. Popping these blisters will make the situation worse.
You should visit your dermatologist and let him/her drain the blisters using professional skills and tools. According to NHS, “Don’t burst the blisters- let them heal on their own.”
Dyshidrotic eczema home remedies
Home remedies are able to control the spreading of eczema blister and prevent them from recurring or getting secondary infection.
1. Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera gel is a natural herb that is rich in Vitamin E which is able to counter effects of nickel and cobalt. It is the best home remedy because it soothes the itchy feeling and reduces the inflammations. It is locally available in fact it grows in the bushes. It is a wild plant. You will need the following;
- Aloe Vera leaves, A sharp knife
- A mixer/ blender
- A bowl for collecting the gel
- A clean piece of cloth, Clean water
Steps to follow
- Cut three pieces of aloe Vera leaves them on both ends.
- Gently peel off the upper green layer from the leaf using a knife. This way, you will be able to expose the thick Aloe Vera gel in the leaves.
- In case you find any yellow liquid on the leaf, rinse it out with clean water.
- Peel off the green back of the leaf.
- The clear thick gel that is left behind is the aloe Vera gel.
- Cut the gel into small pieces and blend the gel into a liquid form.
- Collect the gel in a bowl
- Ensure that your hands or feet are clean and dry
- Apply the Aloe Vera gel directly on the blisters
- Let it settle and dry
- Wash off the Aloe Vera gel thoroughly using plenty of Luke-warm water.
- Dry your skin, becomes dampness can trigger fungal infection or recurring of the blisters.
- Repeat the process 3 time a day
2. Oat meal
Oatmeal is has got a soothing effect that relieves the itchy feeling on the palms and sole of the feet. It rejuvenates the skin and replaces the dead cells on the palms of the hands or sole of the feet. You need to use it constantly for a certain period of time.
- Raw oatmeal, A sock
- A clean piece of cloth
- Clean water
Here is how to use it
- Fill up the a sock with oatmeal and tie a tight knot on its open edge to ensure that the oats do not drop out of it
- Dip the sock full of oatmeal in warm water
- Deep your hands or feet in the oatmeal water for 2 minutes and then remove your hands or feet from the water.
- Let the oatmeal water dry on your skin
- Rinse it off with warm water and dry your skin using a clean piece of cloth.
- Repeat this process every morning and evening.
3. Olive Oil
Olive oil is a natural moisturizes that prevents the skin from drying up and cracking or scaling especially after the blisters heal. It is also an anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent and it will reduce the swelling and redness of the dyshidrotic eczema. Get this;
- Olive oil, A clean towel
- Hot water, Clean water
How to use it at home;
- Ensure that your hands or feet are clean and dry
- Pour some olive oil on your hands
- Gently massage the oil into the palm of your hands
- If the infection is on your feet then use your hands to apply the oil onto the sole of your feet
- Repeat this procedure every night before you got to bed and let the oil sink into your skin overnight
4. Cold Compress
Ice is always used in firs aid principles to numb pain. It numbs the skin and temporarily prevents the itchy or burning sensation of blisters on hands and feet. Never place ice directly on your skin.
- Ice cubes, A clean piece of cloth, A spoon
What to do
- Scoop one or two ice cubes using a spoon.
- Place them on a clean piece of cloth.
- Wrap them with the cloth and tie a knot so that they do not fall off.
- Press the ice cubes in the cloth against the dyshidrotic eczema for 10 minutes.
- Remove the ice cubes.
- Repeat this once a day until the inflammation goes away.
5. Baking Soda
Baking soda is very effective in soothing itchy bumps. It is used in the kitchen so finding it easy.
- Baking soda, Warm Water
- A clean piece of cloth, A Cotton ball
What to do
- Ensure your hands or feet are clean and dry
- Mix 5 tablespoonful of baking powder with a few drops of water and stir into a thick paste.
- Use a clean cotton ball to apply the paste on the palm of your hands or sole of your feet
- Let it stay on your skin for 10 minutes
- Rinse it off using warm water
- Dry your skin using a clean piece of cloth
- Repeat this process every night before you go to bed
6. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar has got wonderful properties since it is an antibacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory agent. It prevents the itchiness of blisters and prevents secondary infection by bacteria or fungi.
- Apple cider vinegar, Clean water, A clean piece of cloth
What to do
- Ensure that your hands or feet are clean and dry
- Mix apple cider vinegar and water in equal portion
- Soak your hands or feet in this water for 40 minutes
- Let it dry up
- Rinse it off with clean Luke-warm water and dry your skin with a clean piece of cloth in order to avoid dampness. Dampness encourages fungal infection.
- Apply petroleum jelly on your skin
- Repeat this process every morning and evening until you notice a significant change
7. Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is rich in antifungal and antiseptic properties. It prevents secondary infection on the pompholyx eczema. You should be careful while using tea tree oil because it is very harsh to the skin. It is advisable that you mix tea tree oil with other essential oil like jojoba oil. Get the following;
- Tea tree oil, Jojoba oil, A Cotton Ball
What to do
- Ensure that your skin is clean and dry
- Mix tea tree oil with jojoba oil in the ration of 1:2
- Apply the oil mixture on your hand sand massage it into your hands or the sole of your feet so that it sinks into the skin
- Let it settle on the skin overnight
- Wash it off in the morning.
- Repeat this process daily before you go to bed
YOU MAY ALSO LIKE;
[button color=”red” size=”medium” link=”http://www.alldischarge.org/bumps/blisters-on-buttocks-itchy-open-sores-between-buttocks-cheeks-causes-treatment/” icon=”BLISTERS ON BUTTOCKS” target=”true”]BLISTERS ON BUTTOCKS[/button]
Dyshidrotic eczema | Tiny blisters on fingers Treatment
Doctors and researchers have never found the cure to tiny blisters on fingers. It may heal and recur after a few months. The treatments recommended by doctors are meant to only deal with the symptoms
There are topical creams like tacrolimus or pimecrolimus that are meant to reduce the over active immune system. Some creams also relieve itchiness of the skin.
There are over the counter medicine topical corticosteroid cream that are used to relieve itchiness and inflammation. According to Mayo Clinic, “In severe cases, your doctor may prescribe corticosteroid pills, such as prednisone. Long-term use of steroids can cause serious side effects.”
Antihistamines pills are used to relieve discomforts that are brought about by allergens. Common examples of antihistamine include; diphenhydramine and loratadine.
How to Prevent Tiny blisters on fingers
It is said that prevention is better than cure. Dealing with eczema blister can be very traumatising hence the following are tips that can be used to prevent yourself from getting these blisters in the first place or from recurring.
- Do not wear jewellery that is coated with nickel, cobalt or chromium
- Do not touch metals directly with your hands
- When using tap water, let the water run out for some time first before using because the first quart of water is likely to be containing nickel
- If you able to afford a washing machine and a dishwasher then invest in them so that you minimise your chances of touching water for a long time
- Vacuum clean your house and carpets often to avoid dust mites
- When doing house chores always wear leather glovers
- Apply treatment creams and lotions as prescribed by your doctor in order to minimise chances of the blisters coming back after healing
- Always shower after getting exposed to dust
- Wear protective gloves when handling harsh detergents or shampoo
- Always keep your hands dry and well moisturised
- Observe high standards of personal hygiene
- Avoid water based cleansers.
- Avoid excessive sweating