Yellow Discharge During Pregnancy, Reasons, Meaning, Treatment

Yellow discharge during pregnancy may be dark, light, reddish, or yellow brown depending on the causative factor. Vaginal discharge is common during pregnancy due to the increase in blood flow and estrogen on the vagina area. Vaginal Fluids may also vary depending on the underlying cause. Some may be thick, light, odorless or with odor. Due to the delicate nature of pregnancy, seek medical advice in case you are not sure especially if u notice blood spotting during pregnancy. Below are some of the reasons, causes and of yellow discharge while pregnant, mucus, what to know, home care, cure and treatment

During pregnancy, a woman should watch out for any unusual discharge especially when she has had an accident or a physical trauma in order to verify if it’s miscarriage or not especially if there is blood on your discharge while pregnant.

Discharge during pregnancy may be light yellow, dark, brown or reddish
Discharge during pregnancy may be light yellow, dark, brown or reddish

Prevention is better than cure. Pregnant women should be very careful during pregnancy and avoid anything that can cause health issues because they are not only responsible for themselves but for the baby too. First let’s take a look at yellow discharge during pregnancy first, second, third trimester.

Yellow discharge during pregnancy first trimester

In the first trimester of pregnancy, the amount of blood flow to the vagina is increased because of a change in the hormonal level which includes increase in estrogen.

This makes odorless sticky yellow discharge to come out of your vagina during this time. This discharge is often white but can also be yellow. It is referred to as leukorrhea.

It is the secretion from the cervix and vagina and the old cells from the vaginal walls along with some bacteria found on vaginal walls. Leukorrhea increases as the pregnancy grows.

Yellow discharge during pregnancy second trimester

In the second trimester of pregnancy, it is normal to have white vaginal discharge with consistency of and egg white. Any other color is abnormal. While pregnant, a yellow discharge which looks like pus and has a foul smell is definitely a sign of a vaginal infection.

If it is caused by a yeast infection, you will experience itching and burning sensation in the vagina while passing urine. You may also experience cheese like discharge and pain during sex.

You should not ignore such symptoms because the sexually transmitted diseases can affect your unborn baby in the womb. Ensure you see your doctor as soon as possible.

Yellow discharge during pregnancy third trimester

In the first trimester of pregnancy, your body forms a mucous plug in the cervical canal that protects the uterus against infection that may get in from outside the cervix. In the third trimester, the cervix dilates and the mucous plug is released.

This results into clumpy jelly like mucus coming out from the vagina. It can be a bit scary. Therefore, yellow discharge in this third stage of pregnancy is a lot more than the earlier stages.

It is advisable to wear panty liners in order to avoid soiling your cloth. This discharge may also be watery. In whichever case, you should consult a doctor when this happens especially if you notice some blood stains too in the discharge.

Urine may also leak during the third stage of pregnancy, do not use tampons or douche during this time, just use panty liner or pad.

Yellow green discharge during pregnancy

A yellow green discharge during pregnancy is an indication of an underlying health issue or a pregnancy complication. In most cases, yellow green discharge during pregnancy is caused by urinary tract infection.

  • The uterus of a woman grows bigger while pregnant and exerts pressure on the ureters and restricts the flow of urine hence urine accumulates in the bladder.

Accumulation of urine in the bladder provides a breeding ground for bad bacteria that cause infection in the urinary tract. It is important to drink a lot of water in order to wash out the bad bacteria and also urinate whenever you feel the urge in order to avoid accumulating urine in your bladder. While urinating, you are advised to lean forward so that all the urine can flow out.

  • Women tend to urinate very frequently while pregnant because the expanding uterus presses on the bladder thus increasing the urge to urinate. They may be forced to use public toilets whenever they are not at home and hence increase their chances of contracting urinary tract infection especially when their ureters are short.

Yellow green discharge during pregnancy is caused by yeast infection if it is accompanied by other symptoms like itching or burning sensation while urinating, a foul smell, a frothy appearance and inflammation of the vulva. You may see more here on yeast infection rash and yeast infection bumps

  • Bacterial vaginosis occurs when the number of bad bacteria exceeds the number of good bacteria. Douching often end up killing even the good bacteria.

This infection is associated with symptoms like high amount of green-yellow discharge with a foul smell and a burning sensation while urinating. If left untreated it can cause preterm birth. It can be treated by antibiotics as prescribed by your doctor.

  • Cervical Polyps form in the passage between the uterus and the cervical canal. They are finger like projections that are smooth and red in color. When they get, infected and swell, they cause production of green yellow discharge that has a foul smell.

Pregnant women should observe high standards of hygiene. Clean their vaginal area properly starting from the front towards the rear end using plenty of clean water. Use of soap to clean the vagina can alter the pH of the vagina and put you at risk of getting an infection.

You should also not spray any perfume down there if you are having a foul smell coming from it. Avoid douching because it kills even the good bacteria in the vagina.  Wear loose fitting clothes and underwear to allow for free circulation of air in your vaginal area. Drink a lot of natural yoghurt because it contains good bacteria

Yellow discharge mucus dusring pregnancy
Yellow discharge mucus dusring pregnancy

Dark yellow discharge during pregnancy

Thick dark yellow discharge during pregnancy when accompanied by a foul smell is a sign of an infection or sexually transmitted diseases. Here are the main causes of such a thick yellow discharge;

1. Yeast Infection

Yeast infection mostly occurs in the second trimester of pregnancy. It is caused by fungi known as Candida albicans. If you treat it in good time it cannot affect your unborn baby. You can use over the counter drugs to treat yeast infection but it is advisable to get a prescription from our doctor.

Yeast infection has got the following symptoms;

  1. Fouls smelling discharge
  2. Thick dark yellow or white discharge
  3. Itching in the vagina
  4. Redness on the affected are
  5. Swollen vulva

2. Increased Levels of Estrogen

Estrogen is a hormone that is responsible for the maintenance of female dominant characteristics. It originates from fat cells, ovaries and adrenal glands. Its levels should be maintained because if it becomes too high it can cause some side effects to the body of a female.

Factors that can lead to increased level of estrogen include poor diet with no fibers, stress, and excess body fat or hormonal imbalance. If you notice a dark yellow discharge during pregnancy, then there are high chances that your estrogen levels have increased beyond the normal level

3. Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases are diseases that are obtained through unprotected sexual intercourse with a partner who is suffering from the disease.

According to Mayo Clinic,” Abnormal vaginal discharge can also be a symptom of certain sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Since these can spread to involve the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes, and can be passed on to sexual partners, detection and treatment of STIs is important.”

They are very harmful to both the mother and the unborn baby. You should not neglect or ignore any symptoms of these diseases. Seek help from a professional doctor as soon as you notice any of their related symptoms. The following are the most common sexually transmitted diseases that cause dark yellow discharge;

1. Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is sexually transmitted diseases that are transmitted from an infected partner to another during unprotected sexual intercourse. It has got the following symptoms;

  1. Dark-yellow or yellow-brown or orange-yellow slimy discharge
  2. Burning sensation while urinating
  3. Sporting after sexual intercourse
  4. Swollen vulva
  5. An unpleasant smell that comes from the vaginal discharge
  6. Pain in the pelvic area

2. Chlamydia

Chlamydia trachomatis are bacteria that can be transmitted from one person to another during sexual intercourse. If left untreated it can lead to miscarriage or complications during birth. Most women experience asymptomatic chlamydia. However, chlamydia infection is associated by the following symptoms;

 

  1. Dark yellow discharge that is often odorless
  2. Swollen labia
  3. Itching in the vagina

3. Trichomoniasis

Just like most sexually transmitted diseases, trichomoniasis is also transmitted through having unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected partner. If not treated in good time it can lead to premature rupture of the amniotic sac that protects your unborn baby. It exhibits the following symptoms;

  1. Yellow vaginal discharge
  2. Swollen vulva
  3. Discomfort in the abdomen
  4. Pain while urinating
  5. Itchy vaginal discharge with a foul smell

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    Yellow discharge during pregnancy

Light yellow discharge during pregnancy

Light yellow discharge during pregnancy mostly occurs during early pregnancy. It is considered normal unless it is accompanied by a very bad smell, redness and itchy feeling in the vagina or a sore vulva.

It can be caused by the increase in bad bacteria as compared to good bacteria. Hormonal imbalance like increase in the level estrogen also causes light yellow discharge during pregnancy. It is also caused by Vaginitis which refers to the inflammation of the vagina.

It is important to visit your doctor if you notice thick mucus like pale yellow discharge during pregnancy accompanied by any of the above symptoms. They may put your unborn baby’s health at risk.

Itchy Discharge during pregnancy

Itchy discharge during pregnancy is caused by an infection in the vagina. Thrush is the main culprit. Pregnant women are at high risk of suffering from thrush. Thrush is caused by a microscopic fungus known as Candida albicans.

  • These fungi have a habitat in the intestinal tract of both men and women. It is also exists in the vagina of most women. When a woman gets pregnant, her hormone estrogen levels also increases and consequently the acidity level of the vaginal pH drops.

High levels of estrogen reduces the acidity of the vaginal environment and increases the level of glycogen, a type of glucose which Candida alibican feed on in order to multiply. The multiplication of this fungi lead to the infection called thrush.

According to Mayo Clinic,” Abnormal vaginal discharge — for instance, fluid with an unusual odor or appearance or discharge that occurs along with itching or pain — may be a sign that something’s wrong.”

Symptoms

When you are pregnant and get infected by thrush, you will have an itchy discharge as well as the flowing related symptoms of vaginal yeast infection during pregnancy;

  1. Thick white and creamy discharge
  2. Discharge with a Fishy smell
  3. Sting or burning sensation while urinating
  4. Pain during sexual intercourse

Infections in the vagina also occur when the number of harmful bacteria exceeds the number of good bacteria. Some sexually transmitted diseases like bacterial vaginosis may also have similar symptoms like thrush. It can put a pregnant woman at risk of having a preterm birth.

There fore it is important to take a test to determine the main cause of your itching discharge. Good bacteria can be killed by unhealthy diet and lifestyle factors like;

  1. Antibiotics
  2. Birth control pills
  3. Steroids
  4. hormonal drugs
  5. Caffeine
  6. Carbonated drink
  7. Chemicals found in perfumes
  8. Electromagnetic radiation
  9. Stress
  10. Chemicals found in food additives

Yellow discharge during pregnancy Treatment

Thrush can be treated using home remedies or over the counter medicine prescribed by a doctor.

It is important to boost your immune system in order for your body to be able to fight and prevent future occurrence of thrush. Your diet plays an important role in giving your immune system power. Include the following foods in your diet;

  1. Fresh leafy green vegetables
  2. Fruits
  3. Plant proteins
  4. Sweet potatoes
  5. Healthy fats that are found in coconut oil, chia seeds, avocado, eggs and fish.
  6. Food rich in omega 3 fatty acids
  7. Chicken
  8. Sesame seeds
  9. Tuna
  10. Tomatoes
  11. Natural yoghurt

You should cook any of the above foods using organic essential oils like coconut oil .Coconut oil has got antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral properties that are able to fight free radicals that cause diseases in your body.

Avoid douching because it may get rid of the good bacteria in the vagina.

All the above practices are geared towards boosting and maintain your immune system.

Is yellow discharge a sign or early pregnancy?

Yellow vaginal discharge can be a sign of early pregnancy if it is light yellow in colour. Some women get yellow discharge during early pregnancy.

Vaginal discharge that shows early sign of pregnancy is usually very thick and milk white in colour and much more in quantity as compared to the normal discharge you secrete daily.

If your discharge is accompanied by other symptoms of early pregnancy like nausea and tiredness and missing a menstrual period then you need to take a pregnancy test to confirm.

Is Yellow discharge during pregnancy normal?

A yellow discharge during pregnancy depends on the stage in which it occurs. Yellow discharge is only normal if it occurs in the third trimester and it has no bad smell.

Colored discharge may be light, dark yellow or yellow brown with a foul smell is a sign of an infection since normal vaginal discharge during pregnancy is usually clear or white with the consistency of an egg white.

Make sure you visit your doctor if you notice yellow-brown to dark yellow or whitish-yellow discharge with a thick consistency and a fishy odor.

Dark yellow discharge while pregnant
Dark yellow discharge while pregnant

Home Remedies for Yellow discharge during pregnancy

Here are some steps that may help manage and get rid of yellow discharge during pregnancy. Always remember to watch out for persistent discharge that that won’t go away and see your doctor.

1. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar will restore the natural pH balance of the vagina. The acidic environment is good for the existence of good bacteria. It also fights the bad smell that comes from the infected discharge. Also, its acidic and antiseptic properties help restore the acidic quality of the vaginal flora and reduce vaginal odor.

Requirements

  1. Apple cider vinegar
  2. Clean water

What to do

  1. Mix equal parts of apple cider vinegar and water
  2. Use mixture to wash your vagina twice a day for 3 days
  3. You may also mix one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar with drinking water and consume it once a day.

2. Fenugreek Seeds

Fenugreek seeds are natural boosters of the immune system. They also balance the help improve the pH level in the vagina and also maintains estrogen levels.

Requirements

  1. Fenugreek seeds
  2. Clean water
  3. Sieve
  4. Honey

What to do

  1. Soak a teaspoon of fenugreek seeds in water overnight
  2. Eat the soaked seeds in the morning in an empty stomach
  3. Alternatively
  4. Add a teaspoon of fenugreek seeds to half a liter of water
  5. Boil the seeds for 5 minutes
  6. Sieve the juice to separate the seeds
  7. Add honey to sweeten the juice
  8. Drink the juice on an empty stomach in the morning.
  9. You may also use the water from boiled fenugreek seeds to wash your vagina once a day.

3. Banana

Bananas are able to relieve you from problems caused by vaginal infections like indigestion or fatigue. It contains vitamin A and vitamin C.

Requirement

  1. Ripe bananas

What to do

  1. Eat two ripe bananas daily

4. Fig

Fig is capable of getting rid of harmful toxins and waste from the body that can interfere with normal bodily functions. It hastens your healing process.

Requirements

  1. Fig
  2. Clean water
  3. Sieve
  4. Honey

What to do

  1. Soak two to three fig barks in water overnight
  2. In the morning grind the figs and them to water and drink on an empty stomach .You can add honey to sweeten.
  3. You can also grin the fig barks together with bark of Bayan tree into fine powder and mix water
  4. Use the mixture to wash your vagina once a day.

5. Cranberry

Cranberries have anti-biotic, anti-fungal and anti-oxidant agents that help in fighting microorganisms that cause yellow discharge during pregnancy.

Requirements

  1. 1 liters of water
  2. 4 cups fresh cranberries
  3. 1-1/2 cups sugar
  4. 1/2 cup lemon juice
  5. 1/2 cup orange juice
  6. Sieve

What to do

  1. Add 4 cups of cranberries to a liter of water
  2. Boil the cranberries in the water
  3. Cover and simmer for 20 minutes until the cranberries pop
  4. Sieve the juice using a fine strainer
  5. Let it cool or chill it in the refrigerator
  6. Drink the unsweetened cranberry juice daily for a week

6. Indian Gooseberry/Amla

Indian gooseberry is rich in vitamin C that helps in boosting your immune system to be able to fight free radicles that cause infection in the body.

Requirements

  1. Indian Gooseberry
  2. Clean water
  3. Sieve
  4. Honey

What to do

  1. Boil a tablespoon full of dried Indian gooseberry roots in one cup of water for 5 minutes
  2. Sieve the juice to separate the roots
  3. Add honey to sweeten the juice
  4. Drink the juice on an empty stomach in the morning every day for a week.
  5. You may also use Indian gooseberry powder by mixing it with honey to form a thick paste and then licking it or adding it in water and drinking.

7. Okra/Lady’s Finger

Okra is capable of removing mucous from your system and reduces the amount of vaginal discharge.

Requirements

  1. Okra
  2. A sharp Knife
  3. Clean water
  4. Sieve
  5. Honey

What to do

  1. Wash 100g okras and chop them into small pieces using a sharp knife.
  2. Place these small pieces of okra in a boiling pot and boil them in two cups of water for 20 minutes.
  3. Sieve the solution
  4. Add some honey to a third of the solution and drink daily for 3 days

8. Neem

Neem has got antiseptic properties that fight off vaginal infection; it also eliminates the bad odor that comes with the yellow vaginal discharge.

Requirements

  1. Neem
  2. Clean water
  3. Sieve

What to do

  1. Boil a handful of neem leaves in two cup of water
  2. Strain and allow it to cool
  3. Use it to rinse your vagina once a day for 2 weeks

9. Pomegranate Juice

Pomegranate juice has go medicinal properties that are capable of treating yellow discharge also known as leucorrhea

Requirements

  1. Pomegranate seeds
  2. Clean water
  3. Pestle & mortar
  4. Sieve

What to do

  1. Pound half a cup of pomegranate seeds using a pestle and a mortar
  2. You may also use a blender to grind the seeds
  3. Add water to the crushed seed and their juice
  4. Sieve off the seeds
  5. Drink two cups of this juice everyday

10. Saffron

Saffron boosts your immune system and helps you fight off free radicles that cause infection in your vagina. It has got antiseptic and antioxidant properties.

Requirements

  1. Saffron
  2. Clean water
  3. Sieve
  4. Honey

What to do

  1. Add two teaspoon full of saffron to a quarter cup of water and boil it till the water reduces.
  2. Mix a third of this solution with a glass of water
  3. Drink it early in the morning on an empty stomach once a day for a week.

Prevention of yellow discharge during pregnancy

The following are tips on what to do during pregnancy in order to avoid yellow discharge during pregnancy;

  1. Make sure that your genital area is always clean and dry.
  2. Wash your underwear daily using antibiotic soap and dry it out in the sun
  3. Change your underwear daily
  4. Wear cotton underwear , avoid underwear that are made from synthetic fiber
  5. Trim your pubic hair to avid trapping sweat and moisture down there
  6. Wear lose under wears and clothes that do not cause friction on your skin and irritate your skin.
  7. Do not douche
  8. Drink plenty of water
  9. Avoid oily foods
  10. Avoid caffeinated beverage and alcohol
  11. After using the toilet wipe yourself from front to rear
  12. Make sure that you have a well-balanced daily that includes the essential vitamins and minerals.
  13. Drink natural yoghurt more often.
  14. Avoid stress by including healthy practices like yoga and meditation in your routine
  15. Control your intake of processed sugar and regulate your blood sugar level especially if you are diabetic.

Is discharge during pregnancy normal? Here is a video on discharge during pregnancy in relation to yellow discharge during pregnancy;

Reference;

  1. http://www.pregnancy-baby-care.com/articles/691/during-pregnancy/yellow-discharge-during-pregnancy-first-trimester.html#continued
  2. http://www.pregnancy-baby-care.com/askquestion/3273/what-is-yellow-discharge-during-pregnancy.html
  3. http://www.medhealthdaily.com/yellow-discharge-during-pregnancy/
  4. http://www.babymed.com/pregnancy-symptoms/vaginal-discharge-early-sign-and-symptom-pregnancy-0#
  5. https://www.bellybelly.com.au/pregnancy/thrush-during-pregnancy/
  6. http://www.medhealthdaily.com/light-yellow-discharge/

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