Bitten Tongue, Tip, Side, Bleeding, Severe, Heal, Remedies, Stop Pain, Treatment

Bitten tongue causes trauma, bleeding and pain to the tongue. It mostly happens accidentally while chewing food or gum. You may bite your tongue at the tip, side, back or the surface. This may cause a sore on tongue that may cause difficulty in eating. A deep cut on the tongue may be infected, causing severe pain, blisters and sores. Below is what to do when you bite your tongue, home remedies to stop bleeding and first aid treatment that will help in healing that painful tongue bite instantly, fast.

White spot on bitten tongue

Bitten tongue bleeding red sore painful
Bitten tongue bleeding red sore painful

Bitten tongue can be very painful and if you are unlucky the injury can turn into a canker sore .A canker sore is a painful white crater like spot on the tongue that is triggered by an injury on the tissues of a bitten tongue. This blister is white because it is filled with pus.

A white spot on bitten can be irritated by hot and spicy food, avoid these types of food whenever you develop a canker sore. Such a sore is not harmful to your health and simple home remedies can be used to resolve the issue.

Bump on bitten tongue, swollen, sore, Red, painful

When you bite your tongue you injure the tissues and the affected area may bleed .Grinding your teeth can also bruise the tongue. However, If the bitten tongue becomes infected it will be swollen, sore, red and painful. You may also experience fever.

There are home remedies that can help you keep your bitten tongue free from infection. Salty water is the easiest and most readily available remedy or bitten tongue. Other remedies are discussed in this article. You may also see more here about Lump on tongue

Severe tongue bite

Severe tongue bite occurs mostly during a seizure since the victim is unconscious. The cut is deep and will bleed uncontrollably. It needs special medical attention because it can easily develop into an infection and cause complication. Your doctor will recommend repair of the tongue if;

  1. The wound is bisected
  2. The bleeding is profuse
  3. The wound is larger than 1 cm
  4. If the wound is gapping or has flaps
  5. If the wound is shaped like a crater

A severe tongue bite may require stitching by a professional doctor.

What to Do If You Bite Your Tongue At Home, Remedies

A bitten tongue is very painful and can bleed or a few minutes. Most cases o bitten tongue heals without special medication. However, if you do not take good care of a bitten tongue then you will be at risk of getting and infection and complications on the tongue.

The following are some first aid remedies that you can use at home to keep the bite free from infections and also hasten its healing process.

1. Salty water

The common salt used in the kitchen is able to treat bitten tongue, reduce swelling and prevent it from getting an infection. It also acts as a pain reliever.

Requirement

  1. Water
  2. Salt

Method

  1. Boil a glass of water
  2. Add a teaspoonful of common salt to it and stir
  3. Let it cool a bit until it becomes lukewarm
  4. Gargle the salty water for 10 minutes
  5. Repeat the process 4 times a day.
  6. You can also apply salt directly on the tongue as soon as it gets injured.

2. Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is an antibacterial agent hence prevents infection on the sore tongue it is also a pain reliever.

Requirement

  1. 3% Hydrogen Peroxide
  2. Water
  3. Cotton ball

Method of use

  1. Mix 3% hydrogen peroxide and water in the ratio of 1:1
  2. Soak a cotton ball with the mixture
  3. Apply this mixture on the affected part of your tongue using the soaked cotton ball
  4. Let it settle for a few seconds
  5. Repeat this three times a day for a week

3. Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is a natural herb with antibacterial and antifungal properties; therefore it prevents infection on bitten tongue. It is also an anti-inflammatory agent hence relieves you from the pain and reduces swelling on tongue.

Requirements

  1. Aloe Vera leaves
  2. A Sharp knife
  3. A mixer/ blender
  4. A container for collecting  the gel
  5. Soap
  6. Water
  7. A clean piece of cloth

Preparation and application method

  1. Take two pieces of aloe Vera leaves and cut them on both ends. Use a knife to take out the upper green layer from the leaf in order to expose the thick aloe Vera gel in the leaves.
  2. In case you find any yellow liquid on the leaf, rinse it out with clean water.
  3. Peel off the green back of the leaf.
  4. The clear thick gel that is left is the aloe Vera gel.
  5. Cut the gel into small pieces and blend the gel into a liquid form.
  6. Apply the aloe Vera gel directly on the affected area of the tongue.
  7. Repeat this process 4 times a day until the sore heals

4. Baking Soda

Baking soda is an anti-inflammatory agent hence t will reduce the swelling on tongue and prevent pain. It also alkaline in nature hence bacteria cannot survive in such an environment and this way infection are minimized.

Requirements

  1. Baking soda
  2. Water
  3. Cotton ball

Steps to follow

  1. Put 2 table spoon of baking soda in a cup
  2. Add a few drops of water onto the baking soda
  3. Stir the mixture into a smooth paste
  4. Apply the paste directly on the affected area of the tongue using a cotton ball
  5. Let it stay on your tongue 5 minutes uninterrupted
  6. Use Luke-warm water to wash it off
  7. Repeat the whole process 3 times until the sore gets better

5. Licorice

Licorice is an herb that has got is cable of reducing swelling, pain and soothes the bitten tongue until I heal. Warning! Do not use this remedy if you have high blood pressure.

Requirements

  1. Licorice root
  2. Pestle and mortar
  3. Water

Steps to follow

  1. Pound the licorice roots into paste using a pestle and a mortar
  2. Apply the paste directly on the sore part of the tongue
  3. Let it stay on your tongue minutes  uninterrupted
  4. Use Luke-warm water to wash it off
  5. You can also mix the paste with water and gargle it
  6. Keep doing either of the two options twice a day until you get better

6. Ice

Ice will reduce inflammation numb pain and prevent the tongue from bleeding. Do not place ice directly on your tongue.

What you need

  1. Ice cubes
  2. A clean piece of cloth

What to do

  1. Scoop one or two ice cubes using a spoon.
  2. Place them on a clean piece of cloth.
  3. Wrap them with the cloth and tie a knot so that they do not fall off.
  4. Press the ice cubes in the cloth against the sore part of the tongue
  5. Remove the ice cubes.
  6. Repeat this twice a day

7. Lavender Essential Oil

Lavender oil will reduce inflammation and soothe the sore bitten tongue. Be careful not to swallow the lavender oil.

What you need

  1. Lavender oil
  2. Clean water

Procedure

  1. Mix a teaspoonful of lavender oil with a cup water
  2. Use this water as a mouth wash several time a day
  3. Do not swallow the lavender oil water
  4. Your sore tongue will get better with time

8. Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil has antiseptic properties and can prevent infection to a bitten tongue.

Requirements

  1. Tea tree oil
  2. A Cotton Ball
  3. Clean water

Directions

  1. Wash your tongue with clean water
  2. Mix tea tree oil with water
  3. Soak a cotton ball with the mixture of tea tree oil and water
  4. Gently apply the mixture using the cotton ball on the sore tongue
  5. Do this every night before you go to bed

9. Natural Honey and Turmeric

Honey and turmeric will prevent infection and reduce inflammation. Natural honey will also sooth the bitten tongue and relieves the pain that comes with it.

What you need

  1. Natural honey
  2. Turmeric powder
  3. sieve

Direction

  1. Mix natural honey and turmeric powder to form a thick paste
  2. Apply this paste directly on the bitten part of the tongue
  3. Let it settle for 10 minutes without eating or drinking anything
  4. Wash it of using warm water
  5. Do this 4 times a day or a week
  6. You may also boil ½ a tablespoon of the turmeric powder in a cup of water and drink every day for a week or two

10. Sage

Sage is a natural astringent so it will dry up the sore. It is also a pain reliever .Sage works even more effectively when mixed with myrrh.

Ingredients

  1. Sage
  2. Myrrh
  3. Clean water
  4. Sieve

What to do

  1. Use 4 cups of water to boil a few sage leaves for 2 minutes
  2. Cover the cooking pot with a tight lid and let the leaves steep for minutes
  3. Sieve off the leaves as you pour the liquid into a cup
  4. Let the solution cool to room temperature
  5. Gargle these sage water 3 times a day
  6. Do this every day until your tongue Cayenne Pepper

11. Basil Leaves

Basil leaves are an anti-inflammatory and antibacterial that will fight any microbes in the mouth that can lead to an infection on the tongue. The content of basil leaves called eugenol is effective in soothing the pain that comes with a tongue bite.

Requirements

  1. Basil leaves
  2. A Pestle & a mortar
  3. A knife
  4. A clean piece of cloth

What to do

  1. Wash the basil leaves to get rid of any soil on them
  2. Cut them into big chunks with a knife
  3. Place them in the mortar
  4. Pound with a pestle to form a paste
  5. Smear the paste directly in the affected part of the
  6. Let it settle for 5 minutes without swallowing or spitting it
  7. Rinse of your tongue with clean water
  8. Repeat this process twice a day

12. Cayenne pepper

Cayenne pepper has got a compound known as capsaicin that is able to numb pain caused by injury to the tongue. It also reduces inflammation.

Requirements

  1. Cayenne pepper
  2. Water
  3. Cotton ball

What to do

  1. Add a few drop of water to cayenne paper and mix to form a smooth paste
  2. Use a cotton ball to apply the paste on the sore tongue
  3. Let it settle for minutes
  4. Rinse it off using clean water
  5. For best results ,repeat this procedure 3 times a day

13. Coriander

Coriander is a common vegetable used to enhance the taste of a meal. However, raw coriander has got anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties that can help in preventing a wound on the tongue from getting infected by harmful microorganism.

What you need

  1. Coriander leaves
  2. A Pestle & a mortar
  3. A knife
  4. Water

What to do

  1. Wash the coriander leaves to get rid of any soil on them
  2. Cut them into big chunks with a knife
  3. Place them in the mortar
  4. Pound with a pestle to form a paste
  5. Smear the coriander paste on the affected part of your tongue
  6. Let it settle for 10 minutes without swallowing or spitting it
  7. Rinse it off using clean water
  8. Repeat this process twice a day

14. Alum

Alum is able to dry up wounds by removing moisture from them. It is also an antiseptic agent hence prevent infection on the injured tongue. It will relieve pain and hasten the healing process.

What you need

  1. Alum powder
  2. Clean water

Procedure

  1. Spread alum powder over the wound on the tongue
  2. Let it settle for a minute
  3. Try not to swallow it
  4. Spit it out and rinse your mouth using clean water
  5. Repeat this process once a day

15. Mint Leaves

Mint leaves are anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agents. They prevent infection on the tongue bite and also soothe the pain.

Requirements

  1. Mint Leaves
  2. Pestle and mortar
  3. A clean piece of cloth
  4. Sieve
  5. Water

What to do

  1. Put a handful of mint leaves in a mortar
  2. Pound the mint leaves with a pestle
  3. Sieve out the mint juice from the leaves
  4. Gurgle the mint juice before you go to sleep so that it stay on your tongue overnight
  5. Do this every night for a week
  6. Your tongue will heal without any complications.

16. Ginger

Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties. It will prevent the wounded tongue from swelling and eliminate any swelling caused by an infection. It is also a natural pain killer.

What you need

  1. Ginger
  2. Sieve
  3. Water
  4. Pestle and mortar

Directions

  1. Wash the bark of ginger
  2. Peel it off carefully
  3. Cut the ginger into cubes
  4. Place it in a mortar and pound it to paste
  5. Ensure your hands are clean and dry
  6. Use the tip of your finger to apply the ginger paste directly on your painful tongue
  7. Let it stay on your tongue for 5 minutes without swallowing or spitting
  8. Alternatively you can boil the ginger paste using a cup full of water
  9. Sieve off the ginger and collect the solution
  10. Gurgle the ginger solution 3 times a day

17. Garlic

Garlic is not only used in cooking, It an effective treatment remedy for wounds and sores because of its medicinal properties. Garlic is rich in allicin which is antiseptic and antifungal agent hence fights infections.

Needs

  1. Garlic cloves
  2. A Pestle & a mortar
  3. A Knife
  4. Clean water

What to do

  1. Peel off the back cover of garlic cloves
  2. Dice them into cubes using a knife
  3. Place them in the mortar
  4. Pound with a pestle to form a paste
  5. Apply the garlic paste directly on your tongue injury
  6. Let it settle for 10 minutes without swallowing or spitting it out
  7. Rinse your mouth using plenty of water because of the strong smell of garlic which can be unpleasant
  8. Repeat this process twice a day for 5 days.
  9. You may also boil the garlic in some water and use the water as mouth wash twice a day.
  10. You should increase the intake of garlic in your diet by adding raw garlic to your food.
    Deep severe cut on the tongue
    Deep severe cut on the tongue

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How long does it take to heal a bitten tongue?

The tongue is an organ that heals faster than any other organ in the body. A small bite can heal in 3 days’ time while a larger wound will heal within a week or two.

They do not even require medical treatment .Home remedies and first aid like cold compress is enough to take care of the problem. Severe tongue bites will take a longer time to heal.

Causes of tongue biting

Causes of tongue biting are accidental or out of sheer carelessness. Some can be prevented by observing good eating habits while other cannot be avoided.

1. Seizure

People who suffer from epilepsy are bound to have seizures more often. Unfortunately most people bite and severely injure their tongue during a seizure.

2. Eating

It is possible to accidentally bite your tongue while eating especially if you are chewing faster in a gluttonous way.

3. Sleeping

Tongue biting during sleep can also happen accidentally. Tongue biting in sleep can be caused by; nightmare seizures, rhythmic movement disorder of sleep and teeth gridding while a sleep. If you keep waking up with a bitten tongue then a sleep study should be conducted by your doctor.

According to NHS, “Most cases of teeth grinding (nearly 80%) occur subconsciously during sleep. It’s usually associated with contributing factors such as stress or anxiety.

It is also common for a baby to bite its tongue while asleep. Most parents have witnessed this. There are medications that can be used to control these disorders or you will need to sleep with an inter-dental plate between your teeth in order to keep your jaws apart. You can make the baby sleep with a pacifier.

4. Chewing gum

Careless chewing of gum can lead to accidental tongue biting. Learn to be gentle while chewing gum and avoid producing the smacking sound which indicates that you are moving your jaws too fast.

5. Talking

The tongue is used to shape sounds awhile talking. When you are talking fast especially during an argument, you may lose control of your tongue and jaw movements and end up biting your tongue.

6. Denture

Ill-fitting dentures can cause frequent accidental tongue bites. If you have to wear dentures ensure that you have the right fitting.

Symptoms of an infection on tongue bite

Infection on a tongue bite hardly occurs because there are good bacteria in the mouth that prevent infection. The salivary and mucosal gland also has immunoglobulin which is a type of an antibody that fights infections. However, if your immune system is compromised then you can get a tongue infection from a tongue bite. The following are symptoms that you should look out for;

  1. Inflammation on the tongue
  2. Redness
  3. Severe pain
  4. Fever

Seek medical advice if you experience the above symptoms.

Bitten tongue treatment

There is no special medical treatment of tongue bite, but there are first aid measures that can be applied in order to contain the situation;

  1. Apply pressure in the affected area in order to stop the bleeding .You can do this by pressing your tongue against your cheek or the roof of your mouth.
  2. Place an ice cube wrapped in a piece of cloth on the affected area in order to numb the pain
  3. Use salt water to rinse the tongue
  4. Eat vitamin
  5. If the wound is severe ,seek medical attention immediately
  6. Take vitamin B12 supplements to prevent outbreak of sores on tongue.

For canker sores, some over the counter medicine like milk of magnesia, Albesol or Orabase will be of great help.

Reference

  1. http://www.md-health.com/Tongue-Ulcer.html
  2. https://www.google.com/amp/www.boldsky.com/amphtml/health/wellness/2012/home-remedies-tongue-bite-270312.html
  3. http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/teeth-grinding/Pages/Introduction.aspx
  4. http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/mobileart.asp?articlekey=91626

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