White Bumps on Tongue, Back, Side, Causes, Fast Removal

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White bumps on tongue may be raised, itchy, or painful. In some cases, they may not be itchy and can appear at the side or back of tongue. They can also look like small pimples, little lumps or appear as a single white bump on tongue that may be red at the base depending on the cause.

There are several factors that may cause this including oral thrush, some sexually transmitted diseases or even allergic reactions. Continue reading below for more causes, how to get rid of them and treatment

White bump on side of tongue
White bump on side of tongue

Causes of white bumps on tongue

What are these white bumps on my tongue? White bumps on tongue can be very unsightly and uncomfortable. They lower your self-esteem and make you shy away from speaking to people. Some of them are sore and very painful while others are not painful. There are different factors that lead to the formation of these ugly bumps. If the lumps persist for more than a week then you need to visit a doctor. Below are

1. Canker sores on the tongue

Canker sores are very painful white bumps on tongue that form due to allergies, hormonal imbalance, weak immune system or biting your tongue. There are simple home remedies that can be used to treat these sores. They do not need medication unless they get infected or keep appearing often.

2. Piercing of the tongue

Teenage often find tongue piercing cool. If you decide to pierce your tongue then ensure it is done by a professional who will use sterilized equipment. Small bumps on tongue can be a sign of a tongue piercing gone wrong.

An infection on a tongue piercing will be painful, itchy and probably produced yellow or green discharge. Ensure you visit your doctor as soon as possible whenever you develop such complications.

3. Cancer

There are several types of cancer depending on where they affect. Small bumps on tongue that do not go away are a symptom of oral cancer. Other symptoms include sore throat, discomfort while eating and drop in body weight. Oral cancer can be genetic, viral (HPV) or caused by drug abuse.

According to NHS,” Mouth cancer, also known as oral cancer, is where a tumor develops in the lining of the mouth. It may be on the surface of the tongue, the insides of the cheeks, the roof of the mouth (palate), or the lips or gums. Tumors can also develop in the glands that produce saliva, the tonsils at the back of the mouth, and the part of the throat connecting your mouth to your windpipe (pharynx)

Just like any other type of cancer, oral cancer can be treated when detected at an early stage. A professional doctor will put you on chemotherapy.

4. Syphilis

A sexually transmitted disease like syphilis cause painless white bumps on tongue, on the walls of your mouth, or your genitals. These lumps will disappear but if you don’t treat Syphilis they will keep reappearing.

If detected early enough, syphilis can be treated using antibiotics. Abstain from sex if you are infected with syphilis and make sure both you and your partner also get treated. Pregnant women should also get tested and treated because the y can easily infect their baby while giving birth.

5. HIV

HIV weakens the immune systems and increases the prevalence of many infections including white bumps on tongue.

This viral infection cannot be treated so the only way to avoid is to live a responsible life and avoid having unprotected sex and get to know your HIV status after every 3 months.

6. Oral Thrush

Oral thrush is caused by excessive growth of fungus in the mouth. Yeasts exist naturally in our body but when they over multiply they become a nuisance. Some diseases or conditions encourage the overgrowth of yeast in the mouth.

People who are anemic, diabetic or have dry mouth are more susceptible to fungal infections in the mouth. Abuse of drugs also triggers fungal infection in the mouth that result into white bumps on tongue.

Other symptoms that are associated with oral thrush include, red cracked corners of the lips, sore throat, lack of appetite and sense of taste and dry mouth.

Oral thrush also affects babies. A pregnant or breast feeding mother who is on antibiotics can expose her baby to the danger of getting oral thrush. A mother who has got a yeast infection on their nipple can also pass it to their kids. Baby breastfeeding bottles and pacifiers that are not sterilized often can also cause fungal infection on the baby’s tongue.

Lie bumps

Lie bumps are a cluster of white bumps on tongue that forms when the tongue is irritated and gets inflamed. Allergies to certain type of foods, vitamin deficiency, indigestion, heartburn, hormonal imbalances or stress causes lie bumps.

These bumps are not serious and can be treated using simple home remedies. They usually disappear without medical treatment. However, it is advisable to consult your doctor whenever you develop white bumps on tongue because they may be caused by a more serious health issue that needs urgent treatment.

White bumps on back of tongue

Our tongues have natural bumps at the back but they are usually not painful and take the color of the tongue. Bad

White bumps on back of tongue
White bumps on back of tongue

oral hygiene makes food particles accumulate on these bumps and increase the growth of bacteria that cause an infection on this bumps. Infected natural bumps will appear swollen, painful and white.

Sexually transmitted diseases like syphilis and HIV/AIDS also cause white bumps that spread to the back of the tongue.

They can also trigger the inflammation of the natural bumps at the back of your tongue. Ensure you get proper diagnosis by a doctor before you jump into any conclusion because some of these bumps can be caused by allergens as well which requires simple treatment and home remedies.

Common allergens that affect the tongue include; food allergens, dental care products and some medication that cause the white bumps on tongue as a side effect.

White bumps underneath tongue

White bumps underneath the tongue are caused by stage 2 of oral cancer. They begin at the upper pet of the tongue and keep spreading all over the tongue. Allergies also cause white bumps anywhere on the tongue including underneath the tongue.

The difference is that bumps caused by allergies can be treated and will disappear within a week while bumps caused by cancer won’t go away and will keep spreading. Ensure you seek proper treatment from the hospital.

Single white spot on tongue

A single white spot on the tongue is a symptom of an underlying health problem like a stomach or intestine disorders.

Sore on side of tongue

Why is the side of my tongue sore? Sore on the side of the tongue forms when you injure your tongue .If these sores get infected then they become very painful, swollen and may even bleed. Tongue injuries can be caused by either biting it or using a rough toothbrush to brush your tongue. Canker sores, poor oral hygiene, oral thrush and ill-fitting dentures can also cause sores on side of tongue.

Sore on the side of the tongue that won’t go away are an indication of oral cancer.

White bumps on tongue with sore throat

Sore throats are caused by the common cold virus whenever your immune system is low. A weak immune system cannot fight bacteria hence they multiply and cause white bumps infection on the tongue. Oral cancer, thyroid cancer and some allergic reaction also cause white bumps on tongue with a sore throat. Your doctor will be able to diagnose the problem and provide the appropriate treatment.

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How to get rid of white bumps on tongue using home remedies

As you are now acquainted with the causes and symptoms, it is time to focus on home remedies for lie bump on tongue. In majority of instances, these bumps disappear by themselves. The primary objective of the natural remedies is to alleviate the discomfort related to the condition.

So just read on! Relief from the problem is just round the corner for you!

1. Fig

Fig is rich in antioxidants and essential vitamins that will boost your immune system. It relieves you of the pain caused by white bumps on tongue like lie bumps.

Requirement

  1. Figs
  2. Water Boiled water

What to do

  1. Dry the figs in the sun
  2. Boil a glass of water
  3. Add a tablespoon of fig this water
  4. Let the figs steep for a few minutes
  5. Add honey to the mixture and stir
  6. Drink the fig water 2 times a day until you recover

2. Salt

The common salt that we use in the kitchen for cooking is an ideal home remedies for relieving inflammations on the tongue or any other part of the mouth. It also prevents sores on the tongue from getting infected.

What you need

  1. Water
  2. Salt

What to do

  1. Boil a glass of water
  2. Add a teaspoonful of common salt to it and stir
  3. Let it cool a bit until it becomes warm
  4. Gargle the salty water for 10 minutes
  5. Repeat the process 3 times a week.

3. Cold Compress

A cold compress will reduce the size of the swollen white bumps tongue. It also numbs then and acts as a pain reliever. Some bumps are not caused by serious diseases and can be dealt with using ice treatment.

Requirements

  1. Ice cubes
  2. A clean piece of cloth

What to do

  1. Scoop one or two ice cubes using a spoon.
  2. Place them on a clean piece of cloth.
  3. Wrap them with the cloth and tie a knot so that they do not fall off.
  4. Press the ice cubes in the cloth against the affected area for 10 minutes.
  5. Remove the ice cubes.
  6. Repeat this twice a day

    White bumps on tongue
    White bumps on tongue

4. Baking Soda

Baking soda is an alkaline solution so it will restore the normal pH level of your mouth and prevent the growth of bacteria.

Requirements

  1. Baking soda
  2. Water
  3. Cotton ball

What to do

  1. Place a teaspoon of baking soda in a bowl or cup.
  2. Add a few drops of water onto the baking soda
  3. Stir them together into a smooth paste
  4. Apply the paste directly on the white bumps on tongue using a cotton ball
  5. Let it stay on your tongue for 20 minutes
  6. Use Luke-warm water to wash it off
  7. Repeat the whole process 3 times a week.

 5. Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is an antibacterial agent. It provides a quick relief from painful lie bumps and canker sores.

Requirement

  1. 3% Hydrogen Peroxide
  2. Water
  3. Cotton ball

Procedure

  1. Mix 3% hydrogen peroxide and water in the ratio of 1:1
  2. Soak a cotton ball with the mixture
  3. Apply this mixture on the affected are on the affected area of your tongue
  4. Let it settle for 15 minutes. Do NOT eat or drink anything for that while.

6. Mint Leaves

Mint leaves are anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agents. They also have a cooling effect that soothes the white bumps on tongue.

Requirements

  1. Mint Leaves
  2. Pestle and mortar
  3. A clean piece of cloth
  4. Sieve
  5. Water

What to do

  1. Pound the mint leaves with a pestle and mortar
  2. Sieve out the mint juice from the leaves
  3. Gurgle the mint juice before you go to sleep
  4. Repeat this process every night until your bumps disappear.

7. Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is a natural herb that has got antibacterial and antifungal properties. It also reduces inflammations caused by white bumps on tongue. It soothes itchy sores and also balances the pH of the mouth since it is alkaline in nature.

Requirements

  1. Aloe Vera leaves
  2. A Sharp knife
  3. A mixer/ blender
  4. A container for collecting the gel
  5. Soap
  6. Water
  7. A clean piece of cloth

Steps to follow

  1. Take two pieces of aloe Vera leaves and cut them on both ends. Use a knife to take out the upper green layer from the leaf in order to expose the thick aloe Vera gel in the leaves.
  2. In case you find any yellow liquid on the leaf, rinse it out with clean water.
  3. Peel off the green back of the leaf.
  4. The clear thick gel that is left is the aloe Vera gel.
  5. Cut the gel into small pieces and blend the gel into a liquid form.
  6. Apply the aloe Vera gel directly on the sore parts of your tongue
  7. Repeat this process 3 times a day until you heal.

8. Turmeric

Turmeric is a natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent .It a natural pain killer and soothes your sores when mixed with honey.

Requirements

  1. Turmeric powder
  2. Honey
  3. sieve

Directions

  1. Mix turmeric powder and honey to form a thick paste
  2. Apply this paste on the affected part of your tongue
  3. Let it settle for 10 minutes without eating or drinking anything
  4. Alternatively
  5. Boil ½ a tablespoon of the turmeric powder in a cup of water and drink every day for a week or two

9. Basil Leaves

Basil leaves are an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal agent that fights all types of fungal and bacterial infections. These leaves contain a substance called eugenol that will sooth the itching and burning sensation caused by some white bumps on tongue.

Requirements

  1. Basil leaves
  2. A Pestle & a mortar
  3. A knife
  4. A clean piece of cloth

What to do

  1. Wash the basil leaves to get rid of any soil on them
  2. Cut them into big chunks with a knife
  3. Place them in the mortar
  4. Pound with a pestle to form a paste
  5. Smear the paste on the lumps on your tongue
  6. Let it settle for 10 minutes uninterrupted
  7. Alternatively, you can chew these leaves

10. Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil has antiseptic properties and can prevent secondary infection to tongue injury bumps.

Requirements

  1. Tea tree oil
  2. A Cotton Ball
  3. Clean water

What to do

  1. Wash your tongue with clean water
  2. Mix tea tree oil with water
  3. Soak a cotton ball with the mixture of tea tree oil and water
  4. Gently apply the mixture using the cotton ball on the lumps on your tongue.
  5. Do this every night before you go to bed
  6. Let the oil mixture settle overnight

11. Coriander

Coriander has got anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties hence it can effectively treat swollen bumps on tongue.

What you need

  1. Coriander leaves
  2. A Pestle & a mortar
  3. A knife

What to do

  1. Wash the coriander leaves to get rid of any soil on them
  2. Cut them into big chunks with a knife
  3. Place them in the mortar
  4. Pound with a pestle to form a paste
  5. Smear the coriander paste on your tongue
  6. Let it settle for 10 minutes without eating or drinking anything
  7. Repeat this twice a day

12. Garlic

Garlic is rich in allicin which is antiseptic and antifungal agent. It fights fungal infections and prevent them from recurring.

Needs

  1. Garlic cloves
  2. A Pestle & a mortar
  3. A Knife
  4. Clean water

What to do

  1. Peel off the back cover of garlic cloves
  2. Dice them into cubes using a knife
  3. Place them in the mortar
  4. Pound with a pestle to form a paste
  5. Apply the garlic paste on the bumps on your tongue.
  6. Let it settle for 10 minutes without swallowing
  7. Do this twice a day until the infection heals completely.
  8. Alternatively, boil the garlic in water and use the water as mouth wash twice a day.
  9. It is also advisable to increase the consumption of garlic in your diet by adding it directly to your food.

13. Ginger

Ginger is a natural pain reliever. It has anti-inflammatory properties that will reduce the size of the swollen lumps on your tongue and make them heal faster.

Requirements

  1. Ginger
  2. Sieve
  3. Water
  4. Pestle and mortar

What to do

  1. Wash the bark of ginger
  2. Peel it off carefully
  3. Cut the ginger into cubes
  4. Place it in a mortar and pound it to paste
  5. Ensure your hands are clean and dry
  6. Use the tip of your finger to apply the ginger paste on the white bumps on your tongue.
  7. Let it stay on your tongue for 5 minutes without swallowing it.
  8. Alternatively, you can boil the ginger paste using a cup full of water
  9. Strain the ginger
  10. Gurgle the ginger water at least thrice a day
  11. You can also add the ginger paste to your meal as often as possible

14. Vitamin B

Vitamin B boosts your immune system and prevents the formation of more white blisters and helps you clear the existing ones.

What to eat

  1. Whole grains
  2. Eggs
  3. Salmon
  4. Oats
  5. Bran
  6. Avocado
  7. Bananas
  8. Turkey
  9. Liver
  10. Yoghurt
  11. Milk
  12. Milk

Treatment

Whenever you develop white bumps on your tongue, the best thing to do is visit your doctor or dentist. The doctor will be able to determine the root cause of your bumps. They may be a sign of a serious health issue or just an allergic reaction that can be cured using antihistamines like celestamine.

Most white bumps on tongue are treated using topical oral gels, ointments or antiseptic mouth wash. But if you injure your tongue by biting it while eating or by wearing ill-fitting dentures then you can use the home remedies discussed above to heal the sores.

For a baby with oral thrush, acetaminophen will help in relieving the pain. Oral fungal medication is used to fight the infection. A mother who is breast feeding a baby who has got oral thrush is required to apply nystatin or clotrimazole on their nipples to avoid getting their nipple infected by fungus.

When you are under medication or using home remedies you also need to eat a well-balanced diet. Vitamins and minerals, helps you heal faster. Sexually transmitted like syphilis can be treated but HIV has got no cure.

According to webmd “If caught early, syphilis may be cured with antibiotics. A single dose of penicillin is extremely effective in treating the early stages of syphilis, and the antibiotic also is fairly effective (in larger doses) in treating the later stages of the disease.”

You can use the following tips to keep yourself healthy and prevent future occurrence of these bumps;

  1. Observer good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth twice a day and gurgle mouth wash. You should also brush your tongue gently.
  2. Drink a lot of cold water or any cold soft drink of your choice
  3. Avoid spicy or acidic food.
  4. Do not scratch the bumps using your teeth. When they itch, use home remedies like honey to sooth them
  5. Eat soft food that are easy to chew until the bumps heal
  6. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables
  7. Eat more garlic and ginger
  8. Avoid alcohol and cigarettes or any other drugs
  9. Do not use toothpaste that contains sodium lauryl sulfate
  10. Avoid having stress and exercise your body in order to improve blood circulation to all parts of your body.

Reference;

  1. http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/conditions/mouth-sores-and-infections/article/white-spot-on-the-tongue-1215
  2. http://health.knowfacts.org/tongue/white-bumps-on-tongue-meaning-causes-of-hard-small-lumpy-dot-blister-cure/
  3. http://wellnessbells.com/lie-bump-tongue/
  4. http://www.webmd.com/sexual-conditions/guide/understanding-syphilis-treatment

Reviewed By Austin White

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